What Are Treatments For Drug Addiction
There are many options that have been successful in treating drug addiction, including:
- behavioral counseling
- medical devices and applications used to treat withdrawal symptoms or deliver skills training
- evaluation and treatment for co-occurring mental health issues such as depression and anxiety
- long-term follow-up to prevent relapse
A range of care with a tailored treatment program and follow-up options can be crucial to success. Treatment should include both medical and mental health services as needed. Follow-up care may include community- or family-based recovery support systems.
Symptoms Of Meth Addiction
- Meth is often taken in larger amounts or over a longer period of time than was intended
- There is a persistent desire or unsuccessful efforts to cut down or control meth use
- A great deal of time is spent in activities, necessary to obtain meth, use meth, or recover from its effects
- Recurrent meth use resulting in a failure to fulfill major role obligations at work, school or home
- Continued meth use despite having persistent or recurrent social or interpersonal problems caused or exacerbated by the effects of meth
- Recurrent meth use in situations in which it is physically hazardous
- Meth use is continued despite knowledge of having persistent or recurrent physical or psychological problem that is likely to have been caused or exacerbated by meth
- High tolerance for meth use
- Withdrawals experienced from lack of meth use
The above criteria was taken from the latest Diagnostic and Statistical Manual . If you or a loved one meet two or more of the above criteria, there may be a meth addiction issue requiring treatment.
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How Are Medications And Devices Used In Drug Addiction Treatment
Medications and devices can be used to manage withdrawal symptoms, prevent relapse, and treat co-occurring conditions.
Withdrawal. Medications and devices can help suppress withdrawal symptoms during detoxification. Detoxification is not in itself “treatment,” but only the first step in the process. Patients who do not receive any further treatment after detoxification usually resume their drug use. One study of treatment facilities found that medications were used in almost 80 percent of detoxifications . In November 2017, the Food and Drug Administration granted a new indication to an electronic stimulation device, NSS-2 Bridge, for use in helping reduce opioid withdrawal symptoms. This device is placed behind the ear and sends electrical pulses to stimulate certain brain nerves. Also, in May 2018, the FDA approved lofexidine, a non-opioid medicine designed to reduce opioid withdrawal symptoms.
Relapse prevention. Patients can use medications to help re-establish normal brain function and decrease cravings. Medications are available for treatment of opioid , tobacco , and alcohol addiction. Scientists are developing other medications to treat stimulant and cannabis addiction. People who use more than one drug, which is very common, need treatment for all of the substances they use.
Dopamine D2 Partial Agonists
Dopamine D2-receptor partial agonists have also been proposed as possible treatments for stimulant dependence . Aripiprazole, a second generation antipsychotic, acts as a partial agonist at both the dopamine D2 and 5-HT1A receptors . Two human laboratory studies showed that aripiprazole significantly attenuated the discriminative stimulus and subjective rated effects of orally administrated d-amphetamine . However, in a more recent study , aripiprazole treatment increased some of the rewarding and stimulatory effects produced by acute methamphetamine, suggesting that 15 mg aripiprazole is unlikely to be efficacious for the treatment of methamphetamine dependence. Supporting these findings, a recent controlled trial comparing aripiprazole, methylphenidate and placebo had to be terminated prematurely. An interim analysis showed that aripiprazole-treated subjects had significantly more amphetamine-positive urines than those treated with placebo .
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Treatments For Methamphetamine Addiction
The first step in treating methamphetamine addiction is usually medical detox. Overuse and abuse of methamphetamine increases your tolerance, which can lead to physical dependence and, upon deciding to quit, some terrible withdrawal symptoms. For this reason, your healthcare provider will likely recommend medically-assisted detox followed by a form of therapy.
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
This type of therapy focuses on shifting behaviors to stop unhealthy patterns.CBT therapy focuses on learning new and drug-free ways to cope with stress in life. It relies on recognizing our own personal reactions to environmental or emotional cues, stopping the negative impulsive response, and adapting with a healthy alternative.
The Matrix Model
The Matrix Model is a 16-week behavioral treatment approach for people who struggle with methamphetamine addiction. It combines behavioral therapy with family education, counseling, a 12-step component, drug testing, and promotion of non-drug-related activities.
Contingency Management Intervention
This addiction treatment method is based on motivation through reward. “Motivational incentives are typically used for the treatment of stimulant addiction and has proven to be effective in helping people recover from methamphetamine addiction,” says Dr. Weinstein.
What Path Of Meth Addiction Treatment Is Right For Me
The level of care you need depends on what your specific addiction to meth is like. This means:
- How long youve used it
- How much you use
- Whether you have co-occurring mental health issues and/or use other drugs
The more complex and severe the substance abuse disorder, the higher the level of care you need.
Footprints to Recovery offers three meth addiction treatment paths for different levels of care. They are:
- Basic outpatient Our lowest level of care is suited for those with milder meth addiction or who have already completed a higher level of care. It may also be a good fit for you if you must continue attending school, working, or caring for children. It involves three hours of programming on one or two days each week. Program members will have individual, family, and group therapy case management and the freedom to choose between an evening or day schedule.
- Intensive outpatient Our intensive outpatient program, or IOP, is a higher level of care than basic outpatient. It includes all the same elements of basic outpatient, youll spend more time in treatment: three hours of treatment per day, three to five days per week.
- Partial hospitalization Partial hospitalization, or PHP, means spending half your time in treatment and the other half at home. It requires the most time in treatment while still allowing you to go home each night. It involves six hours per day, five days a week. Its one step down in intensity from inpatient rehab.
What Is Drug Addiction
Drug addiction is a chronic disease characterized by compulsive, or uncontrollable, drug seeking and use despite harmful consequences and changes in the brain, which can be long-lasting. These changes in the brain can lead to the harmful behaviors seen in people who use drugs. Drug addiction is also a relapsing disease. Relapse is the return to drug use after an attempt to stop.
The path to drug addiction begins with the voluntary act of taking drugs. But over time, a person’s ability to choose not to do so becomes compromised. Seeking and taking the drug becomes compulsive. This is mostly due to the effects of long-term drug exposure on brain function. Addiction affects parts of the brain involved in reward and motivation, learning and memory, and control over behavior.
Addiction is a disease that affects both the brain and behavior.
Luxury And Executive Rehab
Luxury and executive rehabs are also available. Luxury recovery programs include facilities with a more extensive range of recreational or entertainment amenities, such as swimming and spa treatments.
Executive rehab programs include many elements of luxury programs, but they are also tailored to people who cannot take an extended break from their career while in treatment.
Some inpatient centers allow visitations by friends or family. You may want to include this in your list of pre-treatment questions.
Alternatively, you may continue to live at home, but visit a recovery center regularly to receive treatment. This is known as outpatient treatment. Keep in mind that outpatient programs may be less than effective for heavy and/or long-term abusers of crystal meth.
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Medication For Meth Addiction
Many treatment programs also offer medication to help ease withdrawal symptoms and reduce cravings for recovering meth addicts. However, there is no specific medication designed specifically to treat methamphetamine addiction.
Addiction medicine specialists will often prescribe benzodiazepines or other anti-anxiety medications during the recovery process in order to treat the symptoms of restlessness and irritability that can accompany meth withdrawals. An anti-depressant called Bupropion is sometimes used to help combat the meth cravings that a person in recovery might experience. Other medications may be used to assist the patient in sleeping through the night and fighting panic attacks as necessary.
How Are Behavioral Therapies Used To Treat Drug Addiction
Behavioral therapies help patients:
- modify their attitudes and behaviors related to drug use
- increase healthy life skills
- persist with other forms of treatment, such as medication
Patients can receive treatment in many different settings with various approaches.
Outpatient behavioral treatment includes a wide variety of programs for patients who visit a behavioral health counselor on a regular schedule. Most of the programs involve individual or group drug counseling, or both. These programs typically offer forms of behavioral therapy such as:
- cognitive-behavioral therapy, which helps patients recognize, avoid, and cope with the situations in which they are most likely to use drugs
- multidimensional family therapydeveloped for adolescents with drug abuse problems as well as their familieswhich addresses a range of influences on their drug abuse patterns and is designed to improve overall family functioning
- motivational interviewing, which makes the most of people’s readiness to change their behavior and enter treatment
- motivational incentives , which uses positive reinforcement to encourage abstinence from drugs
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Seek Support For Your Meth Addiction Today
Without specialist support, methamphetamine addiction is likely to worsen over time, leading to a whole host of devastating, long-term problems. In addition, ongoing meth abuse may also lead you to develop addictions to other dangerous substances, including alcohol and other drugs, as well as engaging in compulsive behaviours such as gambling. Thats why its absolutely crucial that you seek help as soon as possible, in order to regain control and get your life back on track.
How Does Methamphetamine Affect The Brain
The enjoyable reaction of methamphetamine result from the freeing of excessive levels of the neurotransmitter called dopaminebrain chemical involved in motivation, pleasure, reward and motor function. Nonetheless, the drugs ability to release high levels of dopamine rapidly in reward areas of the brain produces the rush or flash that many people experience.
What makes methamphetamine dissimilar and more harmful than other stimulants is that a higher percentage of the drug leftovers unchanged in the body. This permits the drug to be lingering in the brain overlong, increasing the stimulant effects.
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Other Faqs About Meth
In most cases, methamphetamine is in the form of a crystalline white powder. The powder has no odor, it tastes bitter, and it dissolves in water easily. There may be other colors as well including brown, pink, or yellow-gray. Crystal meth, on the other hand, comes as clear crystals that look like ice.
Methamphetamine affects a number of the brains neurotransmitters, but the most affected is dopamine or the pleasure neurotransmitter. When triggered, dopamine sends pleasure signals to various parts of the body and brain and is then stored for later use. When a person uses meth, an excess of dopamine is released into the brain causing users to feel an excess of pleasure or a high. Unlike normal brain functionality, the dopamine released is not recycled and stored for later, which in turn overstimulates the brain. Instead, it remains in the body until the high is replaced with the crash of unpleasant feelings. In order to replicate that feeling and avoid the crash, users will want more of the drug at higher doses.
Can Drug Addiction Be Treated
Yes, but its not simple. Because addiction is a chronic disease, people cant simply stop using drugs for a few days and be cured. Most patients need long-term or repeated care to stop using completely and recover their lives.
Addiction treatment must help the person do the following:
- stop using drugs
- be productive in the family, at work, and in society
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Principles Of Effective Treatment
Based on scientific research since the mid-1970s, the following key principles should form the basis of any effective treatment program:
- Addiction is a complex but treatable disease that affects brain function and behavior.
- No single treatment is right for everyone.
- People need to have quick access to treatment.
- Effective treatment addresses all of the patients needs, not just his or her drug use.
- Staying in treatment long enough is critical.
- Counseling and other behavioral therapies are the most commonly used forms of treatment.
- Medications are often an important part of treatment, especially when combined with behavioral therapies.
- Treatment plans must be reviewed often and modified to fit the patients changing needs.
- Treatment should address other possible mental disorders.
- Medically assisted detoxification is only the first stage of treatment.
- Treatment doesn’t need to be voluntary to be effective.
- Drug use during treatment must be monitored continuously.
- Treatment programs should test patients for HIV/AIDS, hepatitis B and C, tuberculosis, and other infectious diseases as well as teach them about steps they can take to reduce their risk of these illnesses.
Methamphetamine Abuse Treatment Center & Hospital In Utah
Highland Ridge Hospital, in Salt Lake City, UT, helps adolescents, adults, and seniors who are struggling with meth addiction through an unmatched quality of care and support. Located in Salt Lake City, Utah, Highland Ridge is a leading provider of mental health & meth addiction treatment.
Learn About Meth Addiction
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Get Help For Meth Addiction Today
The idea of overcoming an addiction to Meth can seem unmanageable, but know that there is hope, and a complete recovery is possible. With the proper treatment, individuals can leave drug abuse behind and achieve healthy, balanced lives. If you know someone suffering from an addiction to Meth, there is support available. Contact a treatment provider today for rehab-related support.
Jena Hilliard earned her Bachelors of Arts degree from the University of Central Florida in English Literature. She has always had a passion for literature and the written word. Upon graduation, Jena found her purpose in educating the public on addiction and helping those that struggle with substance dependency find the best treatment options available.
All of the information on this page has been reviewed and verified by a certified addiction professional.
Methamphetamine Research Reportwhat Treatments Are Effective For People Who Misuse Methamphetamine
The most effective treatments for methamphetamine addiction at this point are behavioral therapies, such as cognitive-behavioral and contingency management interventions. For example, the Matrix Modela 16-week comprehensive behavioral treatment approach that combines behavioral therapy, family education, individual counseling, 12-step support, drug testing, and encouragement for non-drug-related activitieshas been shown to be effective in reducing methamphetamine misuse.33,34 Contingency management interventions, which provide tangible incentives in exchange for engaging in treatment and maintaining abstinence, have also been shown to be effective. Motivational Incentives for Enhancing Drug Abuse Recovery , an incentive-based method for promoting cocaine and methamphetamine abstinence, has demonstrated efficacy among methamphetamine misusers through NIDAs National Drug Abuse Clinical Trials Network.35
Although medications have proven effective in treating some substance use disorders, there are currently no medications that counteract the specific effects of methamphetamine or that prolong abstinence from and reduce the misuse of methamphetamine by an individual addicted to the drug.
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What Are The Symptoms Of Meth Addiction
There are many short-term and long-term effects of using crystal meth. Some of these effects will naturally subside on their own within a few hours while others could take days or more to go away even after the last dose of crystal meth was administered.
Available in many different forms, meth can be smoked, snorted, injected or ingested orally. Each of the methods of meth use will have a different effect on the user and the amount of time that the drug is active will differ slightly from one method of use to the next.
Below is a look at how each method of methamphetamine use will affect the user:
- Smoking meth leads to a fast uptake of the drug into the brain and can amplify the addiction potential as well as many adverse health consequences such as lung tumors and other problems
- Injecting meth leads to an intense rush or flash of a high that is described as a pleasurable state which typically only lasts a few minutes
- Snorting or Oral Consumption of Meth leads to a less intense rush that lasts anywhere from 5 to twenty minutes and can linger.
Crystal meth affects the psychological system as well as the physical components of the body and can lead to a range of adverse reactions.
Short-Term Effects of Meth Include:
- Erratic behavior
- Poor sleeping habits or insomnia
- Mood swings
- High blood pressure and increased heart rate
- Suicidal thoughts
- Boils or infections on the skin
- Weight loss and malnutrition