Which Drugs Are The Most Addictive
The most addictive drugs include:14
The following popular drugs arent as addictive:
Its possible to become addicted to any of the drugs listed above. None of these drugs are recommended for recreational use. Use should be monitored under the supervision of a healthcare provider.
Signs of Substance Use Disorder
Symptoms or behaviors of drug addiction include:2
- Feeling like you need to use the drug regularly, including daily or several times a day
- Experiencing intense urges for the drug
- Requiring more of the drug over time to achieve the same effects
- Taking more of the drug over a longer period than intended
- Ensuring you maintain a supply of the drug
- Spending money on the substance, even if you can’t afford to
- Not meeting obligations and work responsibilities
- Reducing hobbies and activities due to drug use
- Continuing to use the drug, even if it’s causing problems in your life or physical or psychological harm
- Doing things to obtain the drug that you wouldnt normally do, like stealing
- Driving or engaging in other risky activities when you’re under the influence
- Spending a lot of time obtaining, using, or recovering from the effects of the drug
- Failing to stop using the drug
- Developing withdrawal symptoms when you stop taking the drug
Addiction Treatment Options
There are various addiction treatment options, including:3
What Are The 10 Most Addictive Substances On Earth
A study published in the medical journal The Lancet assessed 20 substances to determine the harm of each drug. Researchers divided the parameters into 3 categories: physical harm, dependence, and social harms. The results of the dependence category were used to determine the 10 most addictive substances on earth.
Dependence was split into 3 determining factors: intensity of pleasure, psychological dependence, and physical dependence. Highly pleasurable drugs are commonly abused because of the initial affect and the euphoria that follows. Psychological dependence is characterized by repeated use of a drug, the fear of stopping, and negative consequences and physical dependence involves increasing tolerance, cravings, and withdrawal symptoms.
Below is a list of how each drug scored based on dependence.
S To Take When Seeking Help With Addiction
One of the best things you can do to combat prescription drug abuse and addiction is to educate yourself. In fact, education is one of the first steps to take when seeking help for an addiction.
In the case of prescription drugs, its important to understand what youre up against. According to NIDA, the most commonly abused prescription drugs fall into three main categories: depressants, opioids, and stimulants.
- Depressants are often prescribed to treat anxiety, panic disorder, and insomnia. Drugs in this category include barbiturates like Nembutal and Seconal as well as benzodiazepines like Ativan, Valium, and Xanax. Sleep medications like Ambien, Lunesta, and Sonata are also in this class of drugs. People abuse these drugs because they have a calming and relaxing effect. However, these drugs can also cause confusion, drowsiness, and memory problems. Additionally, when a person takes too many depressants, there is a risk that they could stop breathing.
Prescription drug abuse can lead to addiction and other serious problems. However, some prescription medications are more likely to lead to physical dependency and addiction. It is important to know what the most addictive prescription drugs are, so you can protect yourself and your loved ones from addiction.
Read Also: How To Get An Addict Into Rehab
Alcohol Addiction In The Us
When it comes to alcohol, there is a growing social acceptance of consuming it, making people suffering from Alcohol Use Disorder challenging to deal with and eventually quit. Despite the legal status that it carries, alcohols potential for abuse opens users up to many health risks and possible alcohol addiction. Alcohol abuse has many negative consequences, which include liver disease and alcohol overdose.
Despite all of this, some people suffer from AUD and are not aware of it because they think alcohol is mainly used for recreational purposes, not understanding or realizing the severeness of its effects. Due to Alcohol Use Disorder or alcohol abuse, drunk driving is a significant cause of the cost of thousands of lives every year.
Best inpatient alcohol rehab centers in NJ offer alcohol addiction treatment services with expert medical professionals and complementary specialty therapies like Cognitive Behavioral Therapy to treat AUD and prevent relapses. You can locate a facility by searching drug treatment centers near me.
What Are The Top 10 Most Addictive Legal Drugs
Posted on by Steph L.
When you think of drug addiction, what comes to mind? Is it a person whos hooked on so-called street drugs?
Some of the most addictive substances are legal and quite pervasive in the U.S., most of which give users a sense of emotional well-being and euphoria for a short time. This is a strikingly similar experience that the person taking street drugs is seeking, by the way.
When looking at the list of the 10 most addictive legal drugs, youll see that several are only available in specific situations: via prescription. However, others are found in common items at the grocery store, some of which the average American may consume daily.
Learn more about detox and addiction treatment options at Serenity at Summit, an emergent drug and alcohol rehab network in the Northeast.
Don’t Miss: How Do People Get Addicted To Opioids
What Are Commonly Used Addictive Substances
- Substance Use Disorder
- What Are Commonly Used Addictive Substances?
Below is a brief list of commonly addictive substances. Learn how they may affect you or your loved ones. The substances below are listed from most to least common.
Methamphetamines Or Meth Addiction In The Us
Methamphetamines are also known as meth or crystal and are highly addictive substances that cause a euphoric high when consumed.According to a 2019 report published by the National Institute on Drug Abuse , about two million people aged 12 and older used meth in 2019, and half of those had a meth addiction. The worst part about meth abuse is that it might lead to brain damage, psychosis, and organ failure if continued for the long term.
According to the NIDA, about 15% of overdoses included meth overdose and half of those overdoses also had an opioid overdose.Other substances like Marijuana and its legalization in some states make the drugs abuse socially acceptable. Hence, people have easy access to this drug and develop an addiction early on. The trend of being socially acceptable can become the reason to distract people from Marijuanas addictive potential.
If you feel that you can relate to this blog or you know someone suffering from addiction and substance abuse, feel free to contact Avatar Residential Drug Treatment in NJ as we provide inpatient detox facilities and addiction treatment services with specialty therapies for people suffering from drug and alcohol addiction or substance abuse. Search drug treatment facilities near me.
Dont wait. Get help now!
Also Check: How To Stop Tobacco Addiction
Alcohol: Legal But Dangerous
Alcohol is a depressant, meaning it slows down vital functions of the body however, the amount of alcohol consumed is what ultimately determines how it affects an individual. For example, many people have a few drinks so they can experience lowered inhibitions, relaxation, and even feelings of happiness. When people consume alcohol in excess though, it can lead to confusion, slowed breathing, and unconsciousness.
Alcohol is so addictive because it triggers the release of endorphins. According to the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism , drinking alcohol regularly can actually change the chemistry of the brain, resulting in dependence. When individuals are dependent on alcohol, they cannot stop drinking without experiencing withdrawal symptoms, and these symptoms usually prompt them to drink again.
Alcoholism occurs when individuals develop a dependence on alcohol and seek it compulsively despite the negative consequences that may arise. NIAAA reports that in 2014, 16.3 million adults had an alcohol use disorder but only 1.5 million adults received treatment for one at a specialized facility.
Anyone can develop an addiction to alcohol, but there are a few factors that make some individuals more likely to develop alcoholism than others. These risk factors are:
Addiction To Illicit Opioids
Heroin was used in the U.S. during the early 20th century to treat pain until doctors started noticing patients were abusing the drug and becoming dependent. Heroin was officially declared an illicit substance in 1924 under the Anti-Heroin Act.
Illicit opioid use in the U.S. is rising on behalf of the opioid epidemic. People who can no longer afford painkillers or obtain prescriptions from their doctors often start using illicit opioids since these drugs are lower in cost and easier to obtain. Those who become tolerant and dependent on painkillers are also likely to start using illicit opioids, since these drugs tend to have higher potency levels.
Surveys show that 4.8 million Americans have used heroin at some point in their lives, and that 435,000 Americans are regular users of heroin.
Illicit opioids list:
- Other synthetic opioids
Synthetic opioids are highly dangerous, and often contain compounds and substances that are not safe or meant for human ingestion. Drugs like fentanyl and carfentanil have even triggered accidental overdoses in first responders who care for victims at overdose scenes. Many times, heroin is mixed or cut with other illicit opioids that can cause an instant overdose.
You May Like: What Is Drug Addiction Characterized By
How Addictive Are Opioids
Heroin and pain pills are ranked among the top ten most addictive drugs in the world. Evidence shows that opioid dependence can occur as soon as three days after someone starts using the drugs. The risk for dependence and addiction increases more substantially for those who use opioids for five days or longer.
The U.S. opioid epidemic is being driven in part by doctors prescribing practices surrounding painkillers. In states like Tennessee and Alabama, there are enough opioid prescriptions written to put pills in the hands of every state resident, including children. Many doctors also tend to prescribe more painkillers than needed, resulting in extra pills being stored in medicine cabinets across the country.
Surveys show that over 50 percent of people who abuse painkillers receive the pills from friends and relatives for free, while over 22 percent receive the pills from their doctors. Many Americans assume opioids are safe to use since theyre prescribed by doctors and pharmacists, and remain unaware of their addictive potential.
Opiate addiction can lead to loss of employment, poor academic performance, loss of relationships, and more. Opiate addiction is also linked to a lower life expectancy, and can cause a range of serious long-term health problems.
Long-term health effects linked to opiate addiction:
- Nausea and vomiting
Most Addictive Drug: Cocaine
Cocaine is a highly addictive, habit-forming drug that is considered by many to be the most addictive drug. This is especially true for veterans. In 2018, more than 235,000 veterans , reported using cocaine in the past year.
Cocaine is a stimulant drug that creates an intense high that can be felt within minutes of use. It is most commonly used by snorting or sniffing the powder, although it can also be smoked or injected. Someone who uses cocaine may feel increased levels of energy, excitement, and alertness. This is because cocaine floods the brain with dopamine, creating a short-lived, extreme high.
Crack cocaine is a modified type of cocaine that is thought to be even more addictive than its powdered counterpart. Crack cocaine is a crystallized version of powdered cocaine that is made by mixing powdered cocaine with things like baking soda and heating it until it becomes solid. This process results in what many refer to as the most pure form of cocaine possible.
Due to its readily available status, crack cocaine is thought to be a top contender for the most addictive drug found on the streets.
You May Like: How To Stop Any Addiction
Alcohol Is One Of The Most Addictive Drugs
Although the typical view of cocaine is that its very addictive, its dependence level is not as high as either nicotine or heroin. Even though people do experience a euphoric rush from this drug, fewer will actually develop an addiction. Relapse rates are also significantly lower due to an easier withdrawal and less intense cravings. However, these rates tend to be higher for the cheaper cocaine derivative known as crack cocaine.
Intensity of withdrawal symptoms for cocaine is considered to be the lowest out of all four drugs discussed here. In fact, there are often no observable physical symptoms associated with cocaine withdrawal. Instead, victims tend to experience simple fatigue, malaise, depression, agitation, restlessness, and a general slowing of activity. Cravings can still be very intense during the worst of the withdrawal, but chronic users often quit because the high has started to produce unpleasant effects.
Surprisingly, tolerance to cocaine is also lower on the spectrum than heroin, nicotine, or alcohol. This is likely why its dependence level is not as high as expected, as tolerance and addiction are closely linked.
The cocaine high is not as noticeable as heroin or alcohol intoxication. It often gives people a serious boost of energy and may cause them to become very active and talkative. They may actually appear to simply be in a very good mood.
Most Addictive Drugs In Existence
While all drugs have the potential for abuse, some are naturally more addictive than others. Highly addictive drugs share several similarities. They all affect the brain, lead to unpleasant withdrawal symptoms and require professional addiction treatment. Lets explore seven of the most addictive drugs and why theyre so addictive.
The Deadliest Drugs In America From 2011 To 2016
While more people died from drug use in 2016 than any year prior, the list does not give an accurate representation of the whole picture. 289,915 lives came to an end due to drug use between 2011 to 2016. So, while Fentanyl was involved in nearly a third of the deaths of 2016, it actually pales in comparison to other drugs. Over the course of 6 years, the drugs that were involved in the greatest number of deaths were:
The Addictive Quality Of A Drug Is Measured By Its Effect On The Body And The Effects It Has On Society
Find your bookmarks in your Independent Premium section, under my profile
The most addictive drugs are heroin, cocaine and nicotine, followed by barbiturates and alcohol, according to a panel of addiction experts.
The addictive quality of drugs are measured by both its effect on the body and the effects it has on society.
For example, researchers look at how strongly the drug affects the brain’s dopamine system or the strength of its withdrawal symptoms.
They also consider the drugs street value and how pleasurable users report it to be.
When Professor David Nutt, director of psychopharmacology in the Division of Brain Sciences at Imperial College, London, asked a panel of addiction experts to rank which drugs they believed were most addictive, they said the most addictive drugs were heroin, cocaine, nicotine, barbiturates and alcohol, The Conversation reports.
Also Check: Is Heroin The Most Addictive Drug
Why Do People Get Addicted To Drugs
As a person continues taking drugs, the brains reward center adapts and becomes less responsive to their effects. When this happens, the user will feel less high than when they first started taking the drug. This is known as tolerance, and is a sign that a person has developed a dependence on the drug.
People with drug dependency experience withdrawal symptoms if they stop taking. This makes it difficult for them to stop their use of addictive substances.
An increased tolerance might make someone take more of the drug to achieve the same high and cause them to become less and less able to derive pleasure from other things they once enjoyed.
An increased tolerance will also make someone experience unpleasant withdrawal symptoms when they dont take the drug. At this point, people often use drugs or alcohol to keep from feeling bad rather than for their pleasurable effects.
Repeated use of drugs can also damage the essential decision-making center of the brain, known as the prefrontal cortex. When the frontal cortex isnt working properly, people cant decide to stop taking the drugeven when faced with severe consequences.
The inability to stop taking drugs is what eventually causes a person to become addicted to them. It is worth noting that while many drugs have addictive properties, some are more highly addictive than others.
List Of The Top 10 Most Addictive Types Of Illegal Drugs
Posted on by Steph L.
Drug addiction continues to plague the United States and beyond, and certain drugs have reached epidemic proportions in the U.S. The rise of heroin and other opioid usage is particularly worrisome, although the black market is hardly suffering a shortage on other addictive substances.
Not everyone who tries a drug once will develop an addiction, although they are playing with fire if they decide to experiment with one of the substances on the list below. A individuals genetic makeup, social surroundings, family structure and even personal income play a role in his or her chances of developing a drug addiction.
Recommended Reading: Why Are Pain Pills So Addictive