The Dangers Of Using Crack Cocaine Intravenously
Cocaine is nature’s most powerful stimulant and is used by nearly 14 million people worldwide. In the 1980s, people began to use baking soda to strip away the hydrochloride from powder cocaine. This process produces a yellow-white, rock-like crystal, also known as crack.
Originally, crack was only intended for smoking, however, in the mid-1990s people began to mix crack with weak acids, such as lemon juice, to make an injectable form of the drug. This way, the drug can be directly injected into the bloodstream. There are many risks that come with the practice of injecting crack cocaine.
Dangers of injecting crack cocaine intravenously include:
- polluting the blood with weak acids
- increased risk of blood-borne diseases
- negative impact on heart function
- increased risk of fatal overdose
Who Should I Contact For Help
SAMHSAs National Helpline: 1-800-662-HELP . For TTY, call 1-800-487-4889.
- An information service for people, and their families, facing mental and/or substance use disorders.
- This service is confidential, free, and open 24 hours-a-day, 365-days-a-year. Available in English and Spanish.
- You can receive a referral to local treatment facilities, support groups, and other organizations based in your local community.
- If you have no insurance or are underinsured, you will be referred to your state office which is responsible for state-funded treatment programs.
Dangers Posed By Drinking Baking Soda
Baking soda is a non-toxic substance, so a mild overdose is not life-threatening. However, there could be a few severe issues like kidney injury, electrolyte imbalance, dehydration, muscle weakness, heart rhythm disturbances, intracranial, and shock hemorrhage. Sometimes there might be fatalities that are extremely rare, but in case if you face any difficulty or experience severe symptoms, you must seek medical attention without wasting any time.
If you believe in home remedies, it is good. But drinking baking soda to clear the meth test is probably not the right choice. It is because there is a possible danger of going overdosed and getting ingestion.
Remember not to take an excessive amount of baking soda. A report published by the American Journal of Emergency Medicine also describes the potential side effects of chronic or acute side effects from the overdose of baking soda. These include:
- metabolic alkalosis, blood too alkaline
- hypertension, high blood pressure
- intravascular volume depletion, low blood plasma
- hypernatremia, too much sodium, electrolyte imbalance
- hypochloremia, excessively low chloride
- hypokalemia, which is a lack of potassium in the blood
- gastric rupture, tearing of the stomach wall
- urinary alkalization
- hyporeninemia, kidney dysfunction
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Carfentanil Is Used To Cut Heroin And Other Drugs
This substance is a powerful animal sedative that is estimated to be 10,000 times stronger than morphine. It is used as a tranquilizer for large animals, such as elephants. It can rapidly cause overdose and death when used to cut other drugs because of its potency. Carfentanil may be added to heroin or other illicit drugs. The U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration has issued nationwide warnings to the public and police.
The use of dangerous cutting agents is putting users at increased risk and contributing to overdose deaths. One study from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention issued in the Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report states that opioid deaths have increased 150 percent from 2012 to 2015 in Massachusetts alone.
Us. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Slows The Progression Of Chronic Kidney Disease
With all the other benefits that baking soda has on the kidneys, its not hard to believe that it can help with chronic kidney disease too. Some studies show that drinking baking soda water can help slow the progression of chronic kidney disease.
Although theres no evidence that it cures or prevents the disease, it may still be a good option for helping it calm down somewhat.
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Extent Of Cocaine And Crack Abuse
The extent of cocaine use in youth is important to follow to see trends and changes in drug use — and drug choice — over time.
In the Monitoring the Future Study: Trends in Prevalence of Various Drugs, the National Institute of Drug Abuse found these trends in 2019 in the prevalence of cocaine use for 8th Graders, 10th Graders, and 12th Graders in the past year:
- 0.7% for 8th graders
- 1.5% of 10th graders
- 2.2% of 12th graders.
Compare these 2019 numbers above to 2016 use in the past year, which do not differ significantly:
- 0.8% of 8th graders
- 1.3% of 10th graders
- 2.3% of 12th graders.
It is interesting to compare youth numbers of cocaine use with marijuana use: past-year use of among 12th graders in 2019 was 35.7%, 28.8% for 10th graders, and 11.8% for 8th graders.
In adults, use over the past year from 2018 statistics is greatest in ages 18 to 25 at 5.8% compared to 1.6% for adults 26 and older.
Injecting Cocaine Addiction And Withdrawal
Cocaine that has been injected reaches the brain faster than any other method. However, it also wears off faster than other methods, which may lead to repeated use over a short amount of time.
As cocaine starts to wear off, a person may feel irritable, paranoid or anxious. To avoid these feelings and increase pleasurable feelings, using more cocaine may seem a solution to someone using cocaine. This binging pattern can quickly end up in dependence or addiction to cocaine.
A person who has become addicted to cocaine, especially injecting cocaine, will likely experience withdrawal when they try to stop abusing cocaine. These symptoms are very unpleasant and have been known to include:
- severe cravings
- sleep regulation problems
- self-harm behaviors or thoughts
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Is Heroin An Opiate
Theres been a lot of discussion over the years as to whether heroin is a true opiate. An opiate is defined as a substance which is created by the extraction of opium from the Asian opium plant. Morphine would be an example of an opiate, as its directly derived from the plant.
However, opioids are similar to opiates. They are generally defined as synthetically created substances which work in a way thats similar to opiates. Codeine and methadone are examples of opioids. So, because heroin does, in fact, contain morphine, it could be considered an opiate. But the chemical processes used to create it may prompt some to classify it as an opioid.
What Is The Most Important Information I Should Know About Sodium Bicarbonate
Ask a doctor or pharmacist if it is safe for you to take this medicine if you have other medical conditions, especially:
- kidney disease
- high blood pressure or
- if you are on a low salt diet.
It is not known whether sodium bicarbonate will harm an unborn baby. However, sodium bicarbonate can cause fluid to build up in your body, which may be dangerous during pregnancy. Do not use this medicine without a doctor’s advice if you are pregnant.
It is not known whether sodium bicarbonate passes into breast milk or if it could harm a nursing baby. Do not use this medicine without a doctor’s advice if you are breast-feeding a baby.
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How Is Cocaine Made
Due to the unregulated, illicit way street drugs are made, its difficult to know every single ingredient thats included in the final product. Clearly, illegal drugs are made without any regard to personal health. In addition, cocaine cutting agents are added many times along the way by dealers looking to expand their profits. Regardless, the cocaine-making process usually begins a certain way.
Cocaine is derived from the coca plant that grows in South American countries. To make cocaine, the leaves are harvested and soaked in gasoline and other solvents to extract the chemical cocaine hydrochloride. The leaves are then drained and mixed with lime and cement to further extract the active chemical. The leaves are usually soaked again before draining a final time. Ultimately, the leaves are strained away and the resulting product is heated or dried and pressed into bricks for distribution.
To make crack cocaine, ammonia, acids, and oils are added to cocaine hydrochloride with a mixture that includes substances like baking soda. The mixture is then heated leaving a crystallized form of cocaine.
Cocaine Use In Pregnancy
There are about 750,000 cocaine-exposed pregnancies every year. The full extent of the effects on the unborn or newborn child are difficult to predict. Multiple factors can play into this outcome, such as use of other illegal drugs, maternal sexually-transmitted diseases, extent of prenatal care, and socioeconomic factors, among others.
In the mother, cocaine use can lead to a serious high blood pressure and spontaneous miscarriage. Pregnant women who abuse this drug may have other addictive habits, such as nicotine and alcohol use. Pregnant women with substance abuse and addiction should receive immediate medical and psychological healthcare to minimize these adverse outcomes.
Studies have shown that infants born to women who use cocaine during pregnancy may be delivered prematurely, have low birth rates, may have smaller head circumference, and be shorter in length.
Longer-term research is finding that exposure in utero and environmental factors may also lead to deficits in cognitive abilities, information processing, memory, and ability to complete tasks in childhood. More research is needed to understand the childhood long-term effects of exposure in pregnancy.
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In The Cut: Exploring The Chemicals Found In Illicit Drugs
Dealers of street drugs often use a variety of other chemicals to cut the substance they are selling, which stretches the value they get from using a smaller amount of the substance and using fillers to achieve the same volume of the product they sell.
Addiction To Crack Cocaine
Crack Cocaine is far more potent and addictive than regular Cocaine. An addiction to Crack Cocaine therefore develops quite rapidly, and some people become addicted after their first instance of Crack Cocaine abuse. Because the high they experience is so pleasurable and so short they need more of the drug to maintain it. Eventually, an addiction is born the user needs the drug to simply feel normal.
After an addiction to Crack Cocaine develops, the user needs more of the drug to feel its effects and will experience symptoms of withdrawal if they attempt to quit.
This happens because Crack Cocaine sets off excess amounts of the happiness-inducing chemical, dopamine, in the brain. With habitual Crack Cocaine use, the natural production of dopamine is diminished as the body becomes dependent upon the drug.
Strong cravings for Crack Cocaine along with the desire to avoid unpleasant withdrawal symptoms make it very hard to quit. People addicted to Crack Cocaine tend to ignore the negative consequences caused by their drug use.
Featured Centers Offering Treatment For Crack Cocaine Addiction
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Fentanyl Is Being Used To Cut Cocaine
Illicit fentanyl may be used to increase the volume of cocaine supplies because it is cheaper than cocaine and easy to access on the street therefore, its an easy way for dealers to increase profits. The New York City Health Department issued a warning in 2016 about cocaine cut with fentanyl contributing to 37 percent of overdose deaths, up from 11 percent in 2015.
Does Drinking Baking Soda And Water Help You Pass A Drug Test
More precisely, does baking soda cleanse mask the use of drugs or is it possible to use baking soda cleanse to pass piss drug test? According to the findings of our research, the answer would be no. Baking soda cleanse may lower methamphetamine excretion, but may not exhibit any impact on the accuracy of the drug test otherwise.
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Can You Pass A Urine Drug Test By Drinking Baking Soda And Water
A combination of water and baking soda is quite a popular method of passing a drug test we see online.
While persons who use drugs have started utilizing more complex strategies, the abovementioned method is still present. However, before you choose to try it out you should be aware the method could be potentially dangerous. Warnings and scientific sources on this page serve to inform you about everything you need to know about how to pass a urine drug test using baking soda before you make your decision. Scroll down to see how it works.
- A glass of water, at least 8 ounces
- Baking soda 2 tbsp.
How To Take Sodium Bicarbonate
Use Sodium Bicarbonate exactly as directed on the label, or as prescribed by your doctor. Do not use in larger or smaller amounts or for longer than recommended.
Use exactly as directed on the label, or as prescribed by your doctor. Do not use in larger or smaller amounts or for longer than recommended.
Sodium bicarbonate tablets are usually dissolved completely in water before swallowing. Follow al directions on the product label.
Store at room temperature away from moisture and heat.
Since sodium bicarbonate is used when needed, you may not be on a dosing schedule. Do not take more of this medicine than recommended on the product label.
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Increased Risk Of Fatal Overdose
Shooting crack cocaine can increase the risk of fatal overdose. It can be difficult to tell how pure the substance is before it is diluted. Once mixed, it typically looks like yellow-brown water, depending on which acid was used.
Although fatal overdose can occur on the first use, it can also occur randomly from then on. This puts chronic users at serious risk of overdose because their bodies crave larger and larger doses of the drug.
Possible symptoms of crack cocaine overdose include:
- visual or auditory hallucinations
Does It Really Work The Science Behind The Method
Sodium bicarbonate is the main component that reduces the acidity by making the urine and blood more alkaline. According to the studies, the alkali in urine also decreases the renal elimination of amphetamine drugs like methamphetamine . It means that urine might have fewer drug metabolites before your drug test that might also increase chances for test results to go negative.
We can conclude that baking soda might help to pass the urine test for meth or other amphetamines to a reasonable extent. However, no scientific research has come up with any proof, so there is not much of surety about the working of this drug concentration.
On the other hand, baking soda might not help you pass a drug test for marijuana because it has the primary metabolite THC-COOH acidic substance. So, according to some of the studies, weaker acids are likely to get excreted much faster in alkaline urine. It means that baking soda may increase the concentration of THC-COOH in your urine thus, the result may come positive.
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Will Water And Baking Soda Help Me Pass A Drug Test
It might, but not without causing more severe problems like upset stomach, cramps, and diarrhea. Baking soda disguises residue of methamphetamine in the users urine. Being an antacid, soda makes blood more alkaline, which in turn feeds the urinary system.
Baking soda decreases the renal elimination of methamphetamine, resulting in fewer drug metabolites in the urine, helping the user pass a drug test.
Keep in mind that if youre preparing a baking soda concoction at home, you might end up taking excessive amounts, causing a failed test for methamphetamine in urine, electrolyte imbalances, vomiting, sepsis, and possibly a stomach rupture as an adverse effect.
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Methamphetamine Use In The Us
Drug use is on the rise in South Dakota, increasing by 12.5 percent from 2015 to 2016, and meth use is very prevalent. As a result of this drug use, many non-violent drug offenders are being sentenced to presumptive probation instead of prison, and they must undergo urinalysis tests regularly to comply with the court and prove their sobriety hence the emergence of baking soda bombs.
Although the opioid epidemic has been the focus of the publics attention for a while now, meth use rates are rising as well. From 2014 to 2015 , there was a 30 percent jump in Americans who died of a meth overdose from 3,700 in 2014 to 4,900 in 2015 . This spike is deeply concerning.
Methamphetamines garner less attention than opioids, perhaps because they kill more slowly and at lower rates , but in some states the use of meth is rising at an extremely high rate. In addition, some states are confronting a meth epidemic in addition to the opioid epidemic. These include South Dakota, Ohio, Texas, Montana, Minnesota, Oklahoma, and Iowa . In many of these states, meth is involved in more offenses than any other drug, and nearly half of all inmates are serving sentences due to drug-related offenses .