Tips On How To Get Help For Someone With A Meth Addiction
To help a loved one get help for a meth addiction, you can:
Encourage your loved one to speak with a professional.
Provide a list of treatment options and self-help groups.
Offer to assist them in scheduling an appointment or attending a self-help meeting.
Avoid forcing the person to get help.
Explain the benefits of treatment.
Maintain realistic expectations about recovery.
What Does Meth Do To The Brain
Meth triggers the release of large amounts of dopamine in the brain. Dopamine is a chemical in the body that is involved in motivation, pleasure, and movement. It is also powerfully reinforcing and can lead someone to continue to engage in pleasurable behaviors like using meth. This explains why meth is so addictive.
Long-term meth use can cause changes to the dopamine system in the brain. As a result, over time, meth users may develop problems with learning, memory, and coordination. In addition, a recent study of about 34,000 people in Utah found that those who used meth were at increased risk of developing Parkinsons disease compared to those who did not use drugs. Parkinsons disease is a brain disease that causes shaking and difficulty with balance and coordination.
Some of the effects of meth on the brain may improve after at least 1 year of abstinence, but other effects may be permanent.
Other Faqs About Meth
In most cases, methamphetamine is in the form of a crystalline white powder. The powder has no odor, it tastes bitter, and it dissolves in water easily. There may be other colors as well including brown, pink, or yellow-gray. Crystal meth, on the other hand, comes as clear crystals that look like ice.
Methamphetamine affects a number of the brains neurotransmitters, but the most affected is dopamine or the pleasure neurotransmitter. When triggered, dopamine sends pleasure signals to various parts of the body and brain and is then stored for later use. When a person uses meth, an excess of dopamine is released into the brain causing users to feel an excess of pleasure or a high. Unlike normal brain functionality, the dopamine released is not recycled and stored for later, which in turn overstimulates the brain. Instead, it remains in the body until the high is replaced with the crash of unpleasant feelings. In order to replicate that feeling and avoid the crash, users will want more of the drug at higher doses.
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Why Is It Dangerous
Methamphetamine is one of the worlds most addictive and dangerous substances and its negative impact is felt on an individual level, by those individuals families, and by society at large. A 2009 report from the RAND Corporation found that the cost to the US from methamphetamine was $23.4 billion in 2005 alone.
Treatment Programs For Crystal Meth Addiction
There are two primary types of facilities to treat crystal meth addiction: inpatient and outpatient. Outpatient facilities allow people to reside at home and come to the treatment center on a regular basis. This option is beneficial for someone who has a relatively mild addiction, a strong sober support system, reliable transportation to the facility, and a strong motivation to quit crystal meth. People who want minimal disruption to their daily schedules often choose outpatient rehab. They can continue to fulfill responsibilities at home, school, or work while receiving addiction treatment. There are a few types of outpatient treatment programs with varying levels of intensity. Partial hospitalization programs , or day treatment programs, involve several hours per day, 5-7 days per week of treatment from both medical and nonmedical staff members. Intensive outpatient programs involve about 6-9 hours per week of therapy. The staff members are typically nonmedical. Standard outpatient is the least intensive of the outpatient programs and may involve 2-4 hours per week in a clinic or doctors office setting.2
Inpatient services provide a place to live and 24-hour support and treatment. This option is appropriate for those with severe crystal meth addiction, polydrug addiction, a co-occurring mental health condition, a medical condition, a medical concern or consideration, such as pregnancy, and previous crystal meth relapses.2
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How To Help Someone With An Addiction To Methamphetamine
Taking part in the treatment-planning process and providing positive support are two things that loved ones can do for someone who is addicted to methamphetamine.
Meth, or crystal meth, can quickly take over a persons life. Use of this potent and highly addictive stimulant drug can cause major psychological and behavioral changes that make a person act in strange and unpredictable ways.
For friends and family, this transformation can be incredibly hard and leave loved ones feeling helpless. The good news is, there are things that friends and family can do that may help their loved one find stability and the help they need.
Having an active support network of close friends and family provides inspiration, accountability, and resources at this difficult time. The following tips can help loved ones support their family member or friend as they begin their recovery journey:
How Do People Use Methamphetamine
People can take methamphetamine by:
- injecting the powder that has been dissolved in water/alcohol
Because the âhighâ from the drug both starts and fades quickly, people often take repeated doses in a âbinge and crashâ pattern. In some cases, people take methamphetamine in a form of binging known as a ârun,â giving up food and sleep while continuing to take the drug every few hours for up to several days.
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Spillover Effect In Trout
For their research, HorkÃ½ and colleagues dosed 60 captive-bred brown trout with methamphetamine-laced water for two months, while keeping another group of 60 control trout in a drug-free tank. To simulate wild conditions, the researchers ensured that the drug levels matched the meth levels other researchers have documented just downstream of wastewater treatment plants in Czechia and Slovakia.
In the first few days after being removed from the methamphetamine tank, the fish moved around less, which the team interpreted as stress from drug withdrawal. Analysis of brain tissue showed that the fish that moved the least had the most methamphetamine in their brains.
The researchers also gave the trout from both groups a choice to enter one of two streams of water: one with methamphetamine and one without. The meth-exposed trout preferred to swim in the meth-laced water, particularly in the four days after their drug supply stopped. Over time, the study trouts preference for methamphetamine declined to match those of the control fisha clear sign of addiction withdrawal, HorkÃ½ says.
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What Should I Do If A Loved One Shows Signs Of Meth Addiction
If youre worried about a loved ones meth addiction, it is best to express your concerns in a kind and compassionate way and encourage them to get help. Avoid judging or coercing them into treatment, as these strategies are rarely effective.
You can help your loved one find help by contacting SAMHSAs National Helpline, which helps people find treatment programs and providers.
You can also suggest that they attend one of the following self-help groups for free peer support:
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Can Crystal Meth Addiction Be Treated
The good news is that crystal meth addiction can be treated effectively by detox and addiction treatment as long as these measures are followed up by long-term aftercare and regular monitoring by therapeutic professionals.
Too often, those who struggle with crystal meth addiction relapse after a long period of abstinence the best way to combat the issue is to provide comprehensive treatment that addresses underlying or co-occurring issues and continually checks in with the patient to ensure that they are maintaining the integrity of their program.
How Easy Can One Become Addicted To Meth
Question:How easy is it to get addicted to Meth? A close relative of mine admits to taking “hits” up to 5 times a week, however states that without a problem he can quit his intake and under no circumstances thinks he is addicted. He says he tried it before and was able to get off it for more than two months.Is it possible for someone to not be addicted to this drug, despite his “heavy use”?I want to help him, but am wondering if he really needs help as he clearly thinks it’s just a matter of not taking any “hits” any longer.Any help would be appreciated.Thank you
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What Is Samhsa’s National Helpline
SAMHSAs National Helpline, , or TTY: is a confidential, free, 24-hour-a-day, 365-day-a-year, information service, in English and Spanish, for individuals and family members facing mental and/or substance use disorders. This service provides referrals to local treatment facilities, support groups, and community-based organizations. Callers can also order free publications and other information.
Also visit the online treatment locator.
Reducing Meth Cravings With Medication
There are a variety of medications that have been evaluated for their efficacy in reducing crystal meth cravings. Much like the medication treatments to reduce crystal-meth use, there has not been an overwhelming success. However, there are some medications available that seem to offer some hope in craving reduction.7-10
- Dextroamphetamine: A stimulant that affects the central nervous system, helps people to focus, and releases dopamine into the body.
- Rivastigmine: More research is still needed, but studies show this might be useful in reducing meth cravings.
- Bupropion: Clinical trials have shown this medication to be beneficial in reducing cravings in people who have less-severe addictions.
- Nicotine. This might be useful to reduce cravings in people with less severe addictions.
- Naltrexone: New studies show that this medication can help reduce meth-seeking behavior as well as cravings for meth.
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Early Signs Of Methamphetamine Addiction
Methamphetamine is a powerful stimulant, with over 5% of Americans aged 12 and older using the drug at least once in their lifetimes. Methamphetamine is one of the most dangerous, illicit drug addictions because its components are so caustic, and its effects on the user are incredibly harsh. The drug will affect numerous bodily systems, including the skin, teeth, cardiovascular system, and kidneys. Methamphetamine addiction is also difficult to hide because the drug will eat away at the users teeth and cause open skin sores, which can create their own unique set of health consequences.
Meth is a highly addictive substance and creates an intense, short-lived high. Because methamphetamine interacts with powerful brain chemicals, serotonin, and dopamine, it gives the user a euphoric and robust rush, and users will continue to use the drug to keep from coming down from the euphoria. Unlike other drugs like cocaine and heroin, methamphetamine cravings are much more intense. Users will sometimes go on whats called a run, where they continually ingest the drug for long periods of time until they run out of supplies, or worse, overdose.
Below are the following early signs and symptoms of methamphetamine addiction:
- Users will not sleep for long periods of time
- Will appear unusually active
- Rapid weight loss or gaunt appearance
- Sweating despite the temperature or lack of physical exertion
- Nervous or anxious behavior
Helping Individuals Overcome Some Of The Most Addictive Drugs
Here at Meta Addiction Treatment, we believe that all individuals can live a drug-free life. We also believe that recovering from addiction doesnt have to mean pausing your entire life. Our outpatient addiction treatment programs can help individuals overcome methamphetamine addiction while maintaining aspects of their daily lives. Our recovery services include:
- A partial hospitalization program , our highest level of care.
- An intensive outpatient program designed for individuals who have completed our Partial Hospitalization Program or an equivalent outpatient treatment program at another provider and are ready to continue their recovery.
- An outpatient program designed for individuals who have completed higher levels of outpatient addiction treatment either at Meta Addiction Treatment or another accredited provider.
As part of our treatment, we provide clinical services such as cognitive behavioral therapy, dialectical behavioral therapy, case management, peer support, and nutritional counseling.
You or a loved one dont have to continue living life addicted to methamphetamine. Let us help empower and equip you to take charge of your recovery. Contact us today to speak to one of our recovery experts.
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What Are The Signs Of An Overdose
Methamphetamine is a powerful and dangerous drug and comes with a risk of overdose. Signs include:
- Rapid or irregular heart rate
- High blood pressure
- Heart attack
Methamphetamine can cause dangerous overheating and can induce a heart attack, convulsions, stroke, and eventually, death.
Long-term effects of methamphetamine are horrible for the user. They may experience chronic depression and anxiety, as well as memory problems and psychosis. Methamphetamine is made of harsh and caustic chemicals, and the effects on the body are hard, aging many users well beyond their years.
Can You Become Addicted To Meth After One Use
No. Addiction cannot develop after only a single use of any drug.
According to the 5th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Mental Disorders, one can only meet criteria for a substance use disorder if they repeatedly use a substance despite harmful negative consequences and being unable to meet responsibilities at work, school, or home. This only occurs after a pattern of use over time.
It should be noted that the majority of people who use methamphetamine will not develop an addiction to it. According to the National Survey on Drug Use and Health, approximately 14.9 million people in the U.S. over the age of 12 have used methamphetamine in their lifetime and a minority of them 1.1 million met criteria for a methamphetamine use disorder in 2018.
The availability of methamphetamine varies across the country, so that rates of use and addiction vary as well. Data from the 2017 Treatment Episode Set show that treatment admissions for methamphetamine as the primary substance of use were less than 1% in areas east of the Mississippi River, but ranged from 12-29% in the sites west of the Mississippi.
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What Is A Crystal Meth Rehab Center
It can be especially difficult to quit crystal meth once youre addicted because chronic crystal meth abuse may lead to certain lasting changes in the brain. When an addicted individual abruptly quits, they may experience severe depression.1 However, there are many crystal meth rehab treatment centers throughout the country that can help you get clean, and each one is unique. Anyone seeking help should do research to find the program that best suits their needs, budget, and situation. Without formal treatment and a strong support system, individuals may be more vulnerable to relapse.
Does Insurance Cover Meth Addiction Treatment
Yes, plenty of meth rehab centers accept various forms of in-state and out-of-state insurance plans. To find out whether or not your insurance will cover the full or partial cost of your treatment, simply provide your insurance information in the form below and an American Addiction Centers admissions navigator will inquire on your benefits.
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Most Prescribed Prescription Drugs
Doctors can treat the most common symptoms of meth withdrawalsuch as violent mood swings, feelings of paranoia and anxiety, physical exhaustion and weakness, excessive sweating, and appetite loss symptomswith the following medications:
Wellbutrin : This is a prescription drug that can treat several types of depression. Unlike SSRIs or tricyclic antidepressants, it is an atypical antidepressant. As a mood enhancer, it works by increasing the levels of dopamine and norepinephrine in the brain.
Modafinil : This is a prescription drug used to treat excessive sleepiness during the day, but it is also effective at treating withdrawal from methamphetamine. Symptoms of methamphetamine withdrawal may include anxiety, agitation, depression, heart problems, psychosis, and suicidal thoughts. If these symptoms are severe enough, Provigil can be an essential treatment.
Paroxetine: This drug relieves symptoms of withdrawal related to mood, such as depression, mood swings, anxiety, and sleeplessness. Depression can be treated with this FDA-approved antidepressant.
Prozac : The use of antidepressants to overcome depression has been in debate for many years. Research has found that people who take Prozac are less likely to experience cravings and moods. This means that there are fewer chances for meth users to relapse to take the edge off their depression.
Physical Signs Of Meth Addiction
When a family member is addicted to meth, they will show obvious signs of physical decline such as:
- Extreme weight loss
Further evaluation by doctors might reveal underlying health problems. These include hypertension, a weakened immune system, and damage to the heart, liver, kidney, lungs, nerves, and blood vessels particularly in the brain.
While overdose and death can happen to anyone who misuses meth, they are more prevalent in people who are addicted.
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How Long Does Methamphetamine Stay In Your System
How long meth stays in your system depends upon a variety of factors including metabolism, body mass, and the frequency of use. It can usually be detected by blood test for one to three days, by urine test for up to a week, and by hair follicle test for up to 90 days.
What Does Meth Feel Like
As a stimulant, meth increases activity in certain areas of the brain, and functions of the central nervous system are heightened as a result. For example, heart rate, body temperature, respiration, and blood pressure all rise under the influence of meth. Energy, attention, focus, pleasure, and excitement are enhanced as well, as chemical messengers in the brain, such as dopamine, are increased by the interaction of meth. Elevated levels of dopamine cause the intense high that is associated with meth, and the desire to recreate this feeling makes the drug extremely addictive.
When someone is taking meth, they are alert and energized, and can stay awake for long periods of time. When meth wears off, however, a significant crash generally occurs, leaving individuals feeling fatigued, lethargic, hungry, depressed, and anxious. As a result, meth is commonly taken in a binge pattern, often called a run, where small amounts of meth are taken every few hours for a couple days to prolong the high. This pattern of abuse can more quickly lead to drug dependence and addiction.
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