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Is Tramadol An Addictive Drug

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Tramadol Addiction and Rehabilitation | Drug Knowledge | Detox to Rehab

People seeking safe opiate detox in Alaska were recently left out in the cold – in more ways than one. Only two state facilities currently offer detox services to Alaskans – and both of them were recently shut down, thanks to one of the DEAs newer …


Overcoming Tramadol Addiction At Malvern Treatment Centers

Tramadol is clearly a dangerous drug, but we can offer those who suffer from tramadol addiction the resources needed to get sober. We have created our own method of addiction treatment called the Malvern Model of Care. This model guides individuals through the entire continuum of care, beginning with detoxification before proceeding through induction, inpatient care, and outpatient care. In short, its a graduated program consisting of only the treatments that have been proven to work.

If you would like to learn more about tramadol addiction treatment at Malvern Treatment Centers, or if you have any other questions, please call us anytime at 610.MALVERN .

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How Long Does Recovery Take

The more Tramadol is taken on a regular basis, the more severe the withdrawal symptoms will be, and the longer it will take to end use. If Tramadol has been taken along with dangerous substances like alcohol or other strong opioids, inpatient treatment will be necessary to assist with detoxification, or detox.

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Is Dependence The Same Thing As Addiction

Dependence and addiction arent the same.

Dependence refers to a physical state in which your body is dependent on the drug. With drug dependence, you need more and more of the substance to achieve the same effect . You experience mental and physical effects if you stop taking the drug.

When you have an addiction, you cant stop using a drug, regardless of any negative consequences. Addiction can occur with or without physical dependence on the drug.

However, physical dependence is a common feature of addiction.

What causes addiction?

Addiction has many causes. Some are related to your environment and life experiences, such as having friends who use drugs. Others are genetic. When you take a drug, certain genetic factors can increase your risk of developing an addiction. Regular drug use changes your brain chemistry, affecting how you experience pleasure. This can make it difficult to simply stop using the drug once youve started.

Addiction has some common signs, regardless of the substance being used.

Some general warning signs include:

Your friend or loved one might try to hide substance abuse from you. You might wonder if its drugs or something else, such as a challenging job or a stressful life change.

The following can be signs of addiction:

Signs Of Tramadol Abuse

Tramadol Addiction Treatment &  Rehab

As one of the least potent opioid painkillers, many people believe tramadol is not addictive. This false sense of security can lead some people to develop an addiction without even realizing it.

Using tramadol without a prescription or taking it in higher doses, more often or for longer than prescribed are all considered abuse of this drug. Combining tramadol with other substances to increase its effects is also abuse.

Its important to recognize the signs of tramadol abuse as early as possible to prevent an addiction from developing. Signs and side effects of tramadol abuse include:

  • Pinpoint pupils
  • Headaches
  • Impaired coordination

Tramadol misuse or abuse has the potential to lead to severe adverse reactions, such as seizures. Seizures are most likely when large dosages are taken , for extended periods of time. Seizures are also more common when tramadol is taken with of antidepressants.

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Tramadol: Answering Your Questions About Tramadol Abuse

Home | News | Tramadol: Answering Your Questions About Tramadol Abuse

Tramadolalso known by the brand names Ultram, Conzip, or Rybix ODTis an opioid painkiller. And as you may know, opioids have become known for their painkilling properties and potential for addiction.

Similar to other opioids, tramadol works by acting on certain receptors in the brain to block pain signals. However, tramadols painkilling effect is more mild than other commonly abused opioids such as oxycodone, hydrocodone, morphine, or fentanyl.

Because it serves as a less severe painkiller, doctors prescribe tramadol for a variety of chronic pain conditions, particularly in cases of pain caused by neurological damage.

When medical professionals first introduced tramadol in 1995, they believed it had a lower potential for addiction or abuse than other commonly prescribed opioids. However, as the opioid addiction crisis in America has gotten worse, tramadol has come under increasing scrutiny for its potential for abuse.


Signs And Symptoms Of Tramadol Abuse

Similar to other opioids, tramadol can produce adverse effects, especially when misused. If these side effects are noticed frequently or become more severe over time, they could indicate that someone is abusing the medication.

Possible signs and symptoms of tramadol abuse include:

  • sleepiness
  • difficulty falling asleep or staying awake
  • headaches
  • uncontrollable shaking in a part of the body
  • muscle tightness
  • heartburn and indigestion
  • dry mouth

These side effects may be warning signs that an individual is abusing tramadol, or taking it for non-medical purposes.

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What Is The Street Value Of Tramadol

It really all depends on where you live. If you live in a country where Tramadol is widely prescribed, as is usually the case, then it is fairly cheap and is often sold for less than $2 a pill. It is not as expensive as other opiates and opioids because it is more widely available.

However, we have heard reports that the value has increased as the drug has become more popular and tramadol addiction has become more widespread. It is roughly in line with a similar dose of codeine. But again, it all depends on where you buy it.

Tramadol Is Now A Controlled Substance In All 50 Us States

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The U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration announced that tramadol classification was placed into schedule IV of the Controlled Substances Act effective August 18, 2014.

  • The new scheduling applies to all forms of tramadol.
  • The rescheduling of tramadol came at a time of growing concern related to abuse, misuse, addiction and overdose of opioid analgesics.
  • Previously, tramadol was a controlled substance in only a few states.

Tramadol prescriptions in the U.S. may now only be refilled up to five times within a six month period after the date on which the prescription was written. After five refills or after six months, whichever occurs first, a new prescription is required. This rule applies to all controlled substances in schedule III and IV.

Ask your pharmacist how to properly dispose of tramadol or any opioid that you are prescribed.

Learn More: How to Safely Dispose of Your Old Medications

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What Is Tramadol Cut With

Nothing harmful so long as its prescribed by a doctor.

Although most tramadol is made by pharmaceutical companies to a high standard, tramadol bought from a dealer of from the internet can sometimes be cut with other substances or be counterfeit .

If youre not sure where the tablets have come from, theres no way of knowing whats inside them. Even testing kits may not find everything.

The Pharmacology Of Tramadol

Tramadol produces dual-analgesic effects because it is an opioid agonist and a serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor.

It is a low-affinity opioid agonist that produced approximately 10-20% of the effects produced by morphine. Tramadol acts on the central nervous system as an opiate and SNRI.

Tramadol increases the levels of serotonin in the brain. Serotonin is a neurotransmitter that helps cells in the brain and central nervous system communicate. The analgesic and mood-lifting effects of tramadol come from a combination of the interaction with opioid receptors and the serotonergic effects.

Tramadol has almost 100% bioavailability when taken orally. Bioavailability refers to the percentage of a drug that makes it to the site of action and how much time was necessary to do so. Almost 100% of oral doses of tramadol hydrochloride reach the brain.

This is another characteristic that makes tramadol unique. Most medications have a higher bioavailability through intravenous injection than oral administration tramadol is at peak bioavailability when taken orally.

Tramadol can have significantly different effects between individuals. This phenomenon is at least partly due to the cytochrome P450 enzyme. The enzyme is controlled by the CYP2D6 gene. People with one type of CYP2D6 gene are CYP2D6 poor metabolisers, or PMs. People with a different type of CYP2D6 gene are ultra-rapid metabolisers, or UMs.

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Services Offered At Tramadol Drug Rehab Treatment Centers

Modern opiate addiction treatment combines medication with therapy and social services. The typical elements of a tramadol addiction treatment plan include:

  • Medical care: Medications and other treatments can help you manage the physical effects of opioid addiction.
  • Behavioral services: Therapy and group meetings allow you to learn recovery strategies in an accepting environment.
  • Social support: An opiate addiction clinic can refer you to community services that help with food, housing and other necessities.

Going Off Tramadol Requires Professional Supervision And Treatment

Signs, Symptoms, and Risks of Tramadol Addiction

When stopping the use of Tramadol, withdrawal symptoms may occur. Medical professionals recommend patients only wean themselves off Tramadol under medical supervision. They will likely need guidance related to the amounts to take and how often. Doctors can monitor any side effects experienced by their patients.

Withdrawal symptoms can include:

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Tramadol Warnings: Use In Children

  • Life-threatening respiratory depression and death have occurred in children who received tramadol. Accidental ingestion or exposure of tramadol in children, even one dose, can be fatal.
  • Tramadol should NOT be used in children younger than 12 years of age .
  • Tramadol should NOT be used in children younger than 18 years of age after tonsillectomy and/or adenoidectomy surgical procedures .
  • Avoid the use of tramadol in adolescents 12 to 18 years of age who have other risk factors that may increase their sensitivity to the respiratory depressant effects of tramadol.
  • Risk factors may include: respiratory depression after surgery, obstructive sleep apnea, obesity, severe lung disease, neuromuscular disease, and use of other medications at the same time as tramadol that also cause respiratory depression .

Treatment For Tramadol Addiction

If tramadol has taken over your life, rehab can help you reclaim it.

The first step in treating opioid addiction is helping you rid your body of the drug. This can be a scary thought, and the fear of withdrawal often prevents people from getting help.

But a medically supervised detox can minimize the symptoms of withdrawal. At a detox facility youll be medically monitored around the clock and receive medications and other support to help you through this critical phase of recovery.

Once youre on more stable footing, the real work of recovery can begin.

Opioid addiction treatment often involves a combination of behavioral therapy and medication-based treatment. Medication can control some of the withdrawal symptoms and cravings associated with addiction. Intensive counseling and therapy, meanwhile, will provide you with important insight into the disease of addiction.

Addiction is a chronic and relapsing disease, but rehab will equip you with important coping skills and strategies for reducing cravings, avoiding relapse and staying the course on your recovery journey.

Medical Disclaimer:

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What Are Tramadol And Codeine

Tramadol and codeine are both opiates. Codeine is made from the poppy plant, just like morphine, heroin, and opium. Tramadol is chemically similar to codeine, but it’s synthesized from precursor molecules in a lab. Many doctors like it because it has a lower potential for addiction than other opioids, though that doesn’t mean it’s non-addictive.

Opiates work because the central nervous system has three main opioid receptors in the nerve cells that, when coupled with natural opioids your body makes, govern pain sensation, reward, aspects of gastrointestinal function, aspects of respiratory function, and aspects of urogenital function. These receptors are named after Greek letters: Mu receptors, Delta receptors, and Kappa receptors. They sit on the membrane of nerve cells and activate when an opioid — whether naturally occurring in the body or introduced in the form of a drug — fits into the molecule like a key in a lock.

Opiate drugs mimic the natural opioids produced by the body. Their molecules fit into the same receptors and activate them. Codeine, tramadol, morphine, and all other poppy derivatives target and activate mostly the Mu receptors, meaning they are “Mu receptor agonists.”

Tramadol and codeine are much less potent than other opiates like morphine, heroin, and its synthetic counterpart Fentanyl. Because of this, short-term use of tramadol and codeine for cough or moderate pain symptoms comes with a relatively low risk of addiction or withdrawal.

Tramadol And Other Drugs

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One of the more dangerous risks of Tramadol is its potential to interact with other drugs. These interactions can cause blood levels to contain too much of the drug, leading to adverse side effects or Tramadol toxicity. Interaction may also cause the drug to be ineffective and possibly lead to withdrawal symptoms. Using Tramadol with certain medications can also cause the bodys central nervous system to be overly depressed, leading to slowed or stopped breathing, coma, and death. Some of the drugs that interact adversely with Tramadol include:7

All types of anti-depressants

Other opioids

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How Is Tramadol Abused

According to data from the Drug Abuse Warning Network , between 20052011 emergency room visits that involved the misuse or abuse of tramadol grew by 250%10 A 2019 study by the National Survey on Drug Use and Health , an average of 1.6 million people misused tramadol between 20172019, and 0.5% of the population misused tramadol in the last year. Overwhelmingly, the drug was abused by taking more than the recommended dose or using tramadol from someone elses prescription.11 Around 11% misused the drug to get high, 10% for relaxation, and almost 4% for both sleep and emotional regulation. Only 1.9% reported abusing the drug because they were hooked.

Serious Side Effects Some Of Which Are Rare May Include:

  • addiction, abuse, and misuse, which may lead to overdose, coma and death, even at normal doses
  • slowed or stopped breathing , which may be life-threatening or fatal. There is a high risk in those with lung disease, elderly, or a very ill or debilitated state.
  • ultra-rapid metabolism of tramadol and other risk factors for life-threatening respiratory depression in children
  • neonatal opioid withdrawal syndrome .
  • effects due to drug interactions with benzodiazepines or other sedative-type drugs, including alcohol or illicit street drugs
  • opioid withdrawal

Breathing changes like slowed or stopped breathing can occur at any time with tramadol, but the risk is especially great when treatment is first started or when there is a change in your dose. Your doctor may need to adjust your tramadol dose or discontinue treatment based on how it affects your breathing.

Opioids can lead to other breathing problem like central sleep apnea and low oxygen in your blood while you are sleeping. These effects may be worse with higher doses. If you have sleep apnea, your doctor may need to adjust your dose of your opioid or find a safer treatment for you.

You should NOT use tramadol if have severe asthma or breathing or lung problems, a bowel blockage or narrowing, or an allergy to tramadol. Do not use tramadol if you have taken a monoamine oxidase inhibitor , a type of drug for depression, in the last 14 days.

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What Does Tramadol Addiction Treatment Entail

Once youve detoxed from tramadol, then you can begin addiction treatment, which may include interventions, such as:

  • Individual therapy: You work closely with a therapist to identify and rectify the maladaptive thoughts, feelings, and behaviors that contribute to tramadol abuse.
  • Group counseling: You share your feelings and experiences with a group of individuals struggling with addiction. Facilitated by an addiction or mental health professional, these groups may also teach various skills, such as anger management and coping skills.
  • Family therapy: You and your family members meet with a therapist whose aim is to promote healing, facilitate healthy communication, and teach boundary-setting.
  • Complementary or alternative therapies: Some treatment programs include holistic treatment interventions, such as yoga, meditation, acupuncture, music therapy, and art therapy. These interventions are intended to help heal the whole person.
  • 12-step meetings: Depending on the treatment programs philosophy, you may also attend 12-step meetings during your tramadol recovery program.

Not everyones treatment plan looks the same, though. When you enter a treatment program, an addiction or mental health professional will first conduct an intake evaluation in order to create an individualized treatment plan that addresses your specific needs.

An intake evaluation typically assesses:9

How Long Does It Take To Develop A Tramadol Addiction

Tramadol Withdrawal and Tramadol Detox

The short answer is that there isnt a one-size-fits-all response to the question of how long does it take to become addicted to Tramadol. Similar to other potentially addictive drugs, several things factor in.

How much the person consumes, how often, and their particular body chemistry and responses factor in. A persons current level of physical health and family history of drug abuse can also factor in. Some people have been shown to be more prone to addictive behaviors and responses, which can affect their odds of abusing Tramadol.

Regular consumption of Tramadol alters the chemistry in the brain. The brain becomes accustomed to the drug, which in turn builds up a tolerance for it. As this happens, a person likely requires a higher dosage in order to achieve the same pain-relieving effects. As this cycle repeats, a person risks developing an addiction to Tramadol. They may increase the dosage or amount of times they take it without consulting with or informing their prescribing physician.

If you or a loved one find yourself concerned about whether or not an addiction to Tramadol has developed, here are some questions to consider:

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