Wednesday, September 28, 2022

What Are The Two Types Of Addiction

The Definition Of Addiction

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According to the American Society of Addiction Medicine , the definition of addiction is the following:

Addiction is a primary, chronic disease of brain reward, motivation, memory and related circuitry. Dysfunction in these circuits leads to characteristic biological, psychological, social and spiritual manifestations. This is reflected in an individual pathologically pursuing reward and/or relief by substance use and other behaviors. Addiction is characterized by inability to consistently abstain, impairment in behavioral control, craving, diminished recognition of significant problems with ones behaviors and interpersonal relationships, and a dysfunctional emotional response. Like other chronic diseases, addiction often involves cycles of relapse and remission. Without treatment or engagement in recovery activities, addiction is progressive and can result in disability or premature death.

Addictions Vs Substance Use Disorders

The term addiction is used to describe compulsive drug-seeking behaviors that continue in spite of negative outcomes, but it is important to note that addiction is not considered an official diagnosis in the DSM-5.

Rather than using the term “addiction,” the DSM-5 classifies substance use disorders. While the diagnostic criteria vary for each type, the DSM-5 describes these disorders as a problematic pattern of use of intoxicating substances that leads to significant impairment and distress. These symptoms can result in impaired control, social impairment, risky use, and tolerance/withdrawal.

While these conditions might be informally referred to as addictions, your doctor will officially diagnose you with some form of substance use disorder or one of the two behavioral addiction disorders that are officially recognized by the American Psychiatric Association .

What To Know About Chemical Addiction

Chemical addiction can be tricky to talk about because theres often confusion around what constitutes substance misuse, dependency, and addiction.

This is partly why the most recent edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders recommends using the term substance use disorder. This classification includes more diagnostic criteria to help healthcare professionals differentiate between mild, moderate, and severe cases.

Many experts also prefer it because it avoid terms like abuse, which can further stigmatize addiction and prevent people from seeking help.

Common symptoms of substance use disorder include:

  • cravings intense enough to affect your ability to think about other things
  • a need to use more of the substance to experience the same effects
  • unease or discomfort if you cant easily access the substance
  • risky substance use, like driving or working while using it
  • trouble managing work, school, or household responsibilities because of substance use
  • friendship or relationship difficulties related to substance use
  • spending less time on activities you used to enjoy
  • an inability to stop using the substance
  • withdrawal symptoms when you try to quit

Some of the more common addictive substances include:

While most medical experts agree certain behavior patterns can become problematic over time, but theres still some debate around:

  • the point when behaviors become addictions
  • specific behaviors that can become addictive

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Is There A Test Or Self

The most effective self-assessment that can be done is to examine the above list of symptoms associated with video game addiction. If you find that you or someone you care about exhibits any of these warnings signs, it may be a good time to cut back on the amount of time spent gaming. If you are unsure whether these symptoms apply to you, we can help. Call our toll-free number at to discuss your possible symptoms or to learn about treatment options.

How Many People Get Treatment For Drug Addiction

Different Types of Addiction

According to SAMHSA’s National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 22.5 million people aged 12 or older needed treatment for an illicit* drug or alcohol use problem in 2014. Only 4.2 million received any substance use treatment in the same year. Of these, about 2.6 million people received treatment at specialty treatment programs .

*The term “illicit” refers to the use of illegal drugs, including marijuana according to federal law, and misuse of prescription medications.

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Addictions And The Two Types Of Addictions

Research information on addictions and the two types of addictions .

Choose one substance addiction and one behavioral addiction and answer the following:

  • Describe each addiction including potential genetic and environmental factors leading to the addiction.
  • Describe the common symptoms, especially those that impact the person both physically and psychologically.
  • Describe the common treatments for the disorders.
  • Explain why a person with an addiction may have a difficult time accepting he or she has an addiction, seeking treatment, and abstaining from the addiction without relapsing.

***use on words no plagiarism provide references for those citations utilizing 7th edition APA format.

Causes Of Substance Use Disorders

The cause of substance use disorders is still unknown, though genetics are thought to account for 40% to 60% of a persons risk. Substance use often starts as a way to feel good or out of curiosity in childhood or early adolescence. Repeated use of the substance and increased tolerance pave the way to substance use disorder and addiction. Some adults who develop a substance use disorder have a co-occurring mental illness, such as depression, anxiety, or bi-polar disorder, and begin using drugs or alcohol to cope with their symptoms. Other risk factors that may lead to a substance use disorder include:

  • Family history of addiction
  • Lack of parental attachment in childhood
  • Relationship issues

Of course, none of these risk factors guarantees that a person will develop a substance abuse disorder, but a combination of factors plus repeated substance use significantly increase the likelihood of addiction. Is your loved one struggling with substance abuse? Help is available.

More than 20 million Americans suffer from a chemical dependency on drugs or alcohol. Unfortunately, only a small fraction of those who need treatment actually seek help. At Alvarado Parkway Institute, we understand the challenges and stigma associated with substance use disorders and work diligently to provide effective, evidence-based treatment to the patients who entrust us with their care.

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Risks Of Amphetamine Addiction

Amphetamines speed up the central nervous system. They are one of the most addictive drugs that are available on the market. Street names include speed,crack, crank and methamphetamine. These drugs are generally cheap and easily accessible for addicts. Amphetamine addicts are some of the most common types of drug addicts in the United States. Amphetamines cause high blood pressure, loss of appetite, headaches, blurred vision, dizziness, anxiety, hallucinations, convulsions and heart failure.

Disinterest In Other Activities

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As addiction develops, its common to lose interest in hobbies and other things you once enjoyed.

This happens because your brain no longer produces much dopamine in response to natural triggers, like having sex or making art.

Even when you want to stop using a substance or engaging in a behavior, you might feel like you still need them in order to feel good about anything.

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What Is Drug Addiction

Drug addiction is a chronic disease characterized by compulsive, or uncontrollable, drug seeking and use despite harmful consequences and changes in the brain, which can be long-lasting. These changes in the brain can lead to the harmful behaviors seen in people who use drugs. Drug addiction is also a relapsing disease. Relapse is the return to drug use after an attempt to stop.

The path to drug addiction begins with the voluntary act of taking drugs. But over time, a person’s ability to choose not to do so becomes compromised. Seeking and taking the drug becomes compulsive. This is mostly due to the effects of long-term drug exposure on brain function. Addiction affects parts of the brain involved in reward and motivation, learning and memory, and control over behavior.

Addiction is a disease that affects both the brain and behavior.

Similarities Between Types Of Addiction

There are some common indications of addiction that apply to substance addiction and behavioral addiction. Addiction causes you to keep engaging in the substance or behavior despite negative consequences. You find yourself thinking about the addiction. You may find it hard to concentrate on things that arent related to your addiction and lose interest in things you used to enjoy. Youll also experience problems in your relationships.

Both types of addiction also cause changes in your brains reward system. When we do something that feels good, our brains release chemicals that make us feel good, called endorphins. Drugs are often addictive because they cause the brain to release large amounts of these chemicals. Similarly, behavior addictions also cause the brain to release high levels of endorphins.

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Different Recovery Methods For Different Disorders

There are different recovery methods for different addiction disorders. For example, substance use often begins with a detox process, where the body must rid itself of the particular drug. Following detox, there is possibly a rehab stay. Rehab helps give the body a fresh start, but it still very much is up to the mind to help maintain a sober lifestyle.

Behavioral addictions do not generally require a detox period, as there is no chemical alteration being consumed by the body. However, the body still desires the release it experiences after these actions take place. Due to this, a rehab service is often necessary as the body needs to be separated from the addiction.

If you are suffering from a behavioral addiction , it is important to look for a rehab center that provides services for these kinds of addictions.

Various Types Of Substance And Behavioral Addictions

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Addiction types are varied and range from drugs like cocaine, substances like alcohol and behaviors such as gambling. Some addictions are very clear and specified by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders . Other addictions have been identified by professionals as addictive while others argue against it. An example of this can be marijuana which isnt considered as addictive in the traditional sense, but people can become dependent on it.

The different types of addiction, including drug use, are found within the DSM-IV-TR but they are called substance abuse and substance dependency. While neither of these terms directly imply addiction, they do mean harm can occur while using certain substances. Addiction is attributed to psychological and behavioral issues. These issues are characterized by the cravings, inability to stop without help and regardless of problems in life due to drug use, use continues.

The definition of addiction as cited from the American Society of Addiction Medicine is as follows:

Addiction is a primary, chronic disease of brain reward, motivation, memory and related circuitry and is reflected in the individual pursuing reward and relief by substance use and other behaviors. The addiction is characterized by impairment in behavioral control, craving, inability to consistently abstain, and diminished recognition of significant problems with ones behaviors and interpersonal relationship.

Also Check: How Do You Know You Have An Addiction

Let Westwind Recovery Help

Many people who have substance abuse issues also have other addictions. At times, quitting one addiction has the person transferring that to a different type of addiction. Westwind Recovery® can help you replace your substance abuse addiction with positive things and not yet another addiction. Contacting us now can get you started on a path that is free of all types of addiction. Dont wait any longer to realize your full potential.

Types Of Addiction With Substance Abuse

There are two components of substance addiction. These are physical dependence and psychological dependence. Physical dependence refers to the bodys dependence on the drug. When stopping drug use, you will experience physical withdrawal symptoms. Tolerance is also a sign of physical addiction. As you use the drug over time, it will take more of the drug to have the same effect.

Gain control with safe drug detox programs in Louisiana to decrease tolerance and withdrawal symptoms.

Psychological dependence means an addiction to the way a substance makes you feel. Substances are often used as a way to cope with problems or negative feelings, which is another aspect of psychological dependence. Intense cravings or inability to function or feel normal without the substance is common with psychological addiction.

Some symptoms of psychological dependence are related to the physical changes that occur in the brain during addiction. This makes it impossible to separate psychological and physical dependence completely. The two are inter-related.

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There Are Two Types Of Addiction Psychological And Physical

A. True B. False

There are two types of addiction, psychological and physical.A. True

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What If Substance Abuse Is A Part Of A Co

Story-based eLearning Idea: Use the Two Types of Content to Ensure Effective Learning

If a substance abuse or addiction disorder is a part of the experience of a clientseeking treatment for a behavioral addiction, it is essential that treatment for that substance abuse disorder is integratedinto the overall treatment plan.For many clients, the urge to drink or do drugs is coupled with the urge to engage in the process addiction. For example,some say that as soon as they get a drink in hand, the next thought is gambling. Others may include the use of stimulantdrugs as a part of their ritual when they engage in behaviors triggered by or related to sex addiction. No matter what thecombination of disorders is, it is often recommended that the person enroll in a residential treatment center that is equippedwith the staff, resources, and experience to empower healing on all fronts.

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Defining Features Of Addiction

Two aspects that all addictions have in common:

  • The addictive behavior is maladaptive. The behavior causes problems for the individual or those around them. So instead of helping the person cope with situations or overcome problems, it tends to undermine these abilities.
  • The behavior is persistent. When people are addicted, they will continue to engage in the addictive behavior despite the trouble it causes. So an occasional weekend of self-indulgence is not an addiction, although it may cause different kinds of problems. Addiction is characterized by frequent engagement in the behavior.

Types Of Internet Addiction

Internet addiction is a broad term that covers a range of behaviors and impulse-control problems involving internet, personal computer, and mobile technology. While there is yet no officially accepted criteria to diagnose an internet addiction, researchers have identified 5 subcategories of specific types of computer and internet addictions.

Cybersex Addiction

A cybersex addiction is one of the more self-explanatory internet addictions. It involves online pornography, adult websites, sexual fantasy/adult chat rooms, and XXX webcam services. An obsession with any of these services can be harmful to ones ability to form real-world sexual, romantic, or intimate relationships. Treatment options are available for those with cybersex addictions, typically in the form of intervention followed by ongoing inpatient or outpatient therapy.

Net Compulsions

Net compulsions concern interactive activities online that can be extremely harmful, such as online gambling, trading stocks, online auctions , and compulsive online shopping. These habits can have a detrimental impact on ones financial stability and disrupt job-related duties. Spending or losing excessive amounts of money can also cause stress in ones relationships. With instant and easy access to online casinos and stores, it is easy for those who are already susceptible to a gambling or spending addiction to get hooked online.

Cyber Relationship Addiction

Compulsive Information Seeking

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What Causes An Addiction To Video Games

Many different causes factor into video game addiction. One of the main reasons that video games can become so addictive, however, is they are designed to be that way. Video game designers, like anyone else trying to make a profit, are always looking for ways to get more people playing their games. They accomplish this by making a game just challenging enough to keep you coming back for more but not so hard that the player eventually gives up. In other words, success for a gamer often feels just out of reach. In this respect, video game addiction is very similar to another more widely recognized disorder: gambling addiction.

Kinds Of Substance Addictions

Drug abuse

Substance addictions are the most commonly referenced forms of addiction, but behavioral addictions can sometimes come out of nowhere and when it is least expected. However, in terms of substance addictions, some of the more common types of addiction include:

  • Alcohol addiction
  • Heroin addiction
  • Opioid addiction

These substances can wreak havoc on a persons mental and physical health. If someone is suffering from a substance use disorder, it is vital for them to seek treatment as soon as possible.

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What Happens In The Brain With Behavioral Addiction

Behavioral and chemical addictions share some similar features, but there are also some key differences. In behavioral addiction, there is no substance at the core of the addictionit is the behavior that becomes problematic.

However, Dr. Lira de la Rosa says the same principles of chemical addiction apply to behavioral addiction. There is still a release of dopamine in the brain when the person engages in the addictive behavior, such as gambling, sex, internet, shopping, or video games, and with repeated use, the person continues to engage in the behavior seeking the same high or pleasure from the behavior, he says.

After repeated use, the person builds a tolerance, and if they try to stop or decrease the behavior, they may experience withdrawal symptoms like unpleasant emotions, including irritability or anxiety. This is how someone could get to a place of engaging in a particular behaviorlike playing video gamesfor hours on end. It may only become noticeable when you or a loved one starts withdrawing from important relationships or neglecting responsibilities.

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