Long Term Follow Up To Prevent Relapse
Rehab can be incredibly effective for clients dealing with a variety of issues. However, once the inpatient treatment is over, people need to be able to transition back to their lives while still having a support system in place. Despite all of the types of treatment for substance abuse, follow up care is often best for you and your family. BetterAddictionCare understands the importance of this step and creates a recovery team near you that can offer the support and assistance you need to continue your progress towards addiction recovery.
Benefits Of Cbt For Addiction
People who have a substance or alcohol use disorder may often struggle with negative feelings or thoughts that make recovery more difficult. Because CBT focuses on identifying and replacing such thought patterns with more adaptive ones, it can help improve a persons outlook and support skills that support long-term recovery.
Some of the ways that CBT can be beneficial for people who have an addiction include:
- Learning to identify self-destructive thoughts and actions
- Finding ways to monitor such thought patterns
- Learning new, more adaptive ways of thinking
- Applying skills that have been learned in new situations and settings
- Exploring new ways to handle stress and difficulties
Research suggests that the skills obtained through CBT are enduring and can also be applied in other areas of an individuals life as well. Approximately 60% of people who are treated with cognitive behavioral therapy for a substance use problem are able to maintain their recovery for a year.
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Drug And Alcohol Withdrawal Symptoms And Treatment
Many substances of abuse can lead to the development of physiological dependenceespecially if they are taken in large amounts and for a long period of time. When a person becomes dependent on a substance and then decides to stop using it, they …
TypesAddiction Treatmentaddiction treatment
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When A Person Stops Using A Medication Do They Experience Withdrawal Symptoms
Stopping hallucinogens or marijuana does not usually result in withdrawal symptoms withdrawal symptoms do not occur with all drugs. In addition, the severity of withdrawal is influenced by the typical dosage and duration of the drugs effects.
Depending on the drug, the withdrawal process may take a variety of forms. Opioid painkillers have half-lives that range from 2 to 6 minutes and withdrawal symptoms begin within 6 to 24 hours after a users last dosage. 24 to 48 hours after onset four to ten days following resolution.
A different pattern of withdrawal happens when stimulants like cocaine are abruptly stopped, and it is not considered harmful by medical professionals since it occurs in three discrete phases: crash, withdrawal, and extinction. The medication has a 90-minute half-life in the human body. During the drugs crash phase, which begins as the high wears off, users may experience weariness, low mood, increased sleep, increased hunger, and restlessnessall of which are symptoms of the drug, but the desires for it are less intense. One of the greatest dangers is a serious case of depression. In the first week to ten weeks after stopping a substance abuse habit, withdrawal symptoms might include anxiety, intense drug cravings, tiredness, unpredictable sleeping patterns, and emotional instability. Anxiety, depression, and a lack of focus may last for up to 28 weeks during the extinction period.
Drug And Alcohol Addiction Treatment
Substance addiction is a chronic condition involving compulsive drug and/or alcohol use. People who are addicted to substances may continue to drink or use drugs despite the potentially serious problems such substance use causes in their lives. 1 …
TypesAddiction Treatment Addiction treatment
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What Is Drug Addiction
Drug addiction is a chronic disease characterized by compulsive, or uncontrollable, drug seeking and use despite harmful consequences and changes in the brain, which can be long-lasting. These changes in the brain can lead to the harmful behaviors seen in people who use drugs. Drug addiction is also a relapsing disease. Relapse is the return to drug use after an attempt to stop.
The path to drug addiction begins with the voluntary act of taking drugs. But over time, a person’s ability to choose not to do so becomes compromised. Seeking and taking the drug becomes compulsive. This is mostly due to the effects of long-term drug exposure on brain function. Addiction affects parts of the brain involved in reward and motivation, learning and memory, and control over behavior.
Addiction is a disease that affects both the brain and behavior.
Mutual Support Groups And 12
Mutual support groups and 12-Step programs are designed to help people remain abstinent and continue the recovery process through a network of people with shared experiences. While these groups alone do not take the place of formal substance abuse treatment, they can be a complement to a persons drug addiction treatment plan.6
These programs focus on building a community of support through sharing and attending regular meetings. People in 12-Step recovery programs embrace spirituality while working through the 12 Steps , which are associated with groups like Alcoholics Anonymous or Narcotics Anonymous . In 12-Step groups, each group is specific to the type of substance a person was misusing.
Non-12-Step drug treatment programs and support groups are available for those wishing to pursue alternative forms of treatment.
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What Is The Treatment For Substance Use Disorder
Effective treatments are available for substance use disorder. Treatment is highly individualized one person may need different types of treatment at different times.
Treatment for SUD often requires continuing care to be effective, as SUD is a chronic condition with the potential for both recovery and relapse.
As people with SUD often have co-occurring mental health conditions, treating them together rather than separately is generally better.
The three main forms of treatment include:
- Long-term therapeutic communities, such as sober living communities.
In detoxification, you stop taking the substance, allowing them to leave your body. Depending on the severity of the SUD, the substance or an alternative may be tapered off to lessen the effects of withdrawal. Its the first major step of treatment for SUD. You can go through detoxification in both inpatient and outpatient settings.
Cognitive and behavioral therapies
Psychotherapy can help treat SUD and any other co-occurring mental health conditions. Therapy also teaches healthy coping mechanisms.
Healthcare providers may recommend cognitive and behavioral therapies alone or in combination with medications.
Some examples of effective therapies for adults with SUDs include the following:
Participating in self-help programs, like Narcotics Anonymous, can also play a significant role in SUD treatment.
Medication-assisted treatments are available for:
Addiction By The Numbers
According to the latest government statistics, nearly 23 million Americansalmost one in 10 are addicted to alcohol or other drugs. More than two-thirds of people with addiction abuse alcohol. The top three drugs causing addiction are marijuana, opioid pain relievers, and cocaine.¹¹¹
The cost of addiction is high and impact life expectancy, crime, and the economy. Here a few of the startling numbers:
$740 billion: The annual cost related to crime, lost work productivity, and health care as a result of abuse of tobacco, alcohol, and illicit drug use in the United States.
165.4 million: The number of people aged 12 or older who used a substance, including alcohol, tobacco, or an illicit drug, in the past month.
20.4 million: According to the 2019 National Survey on Drug Use and Health, this is the number of people aged 12 or older, with a substance use disorder. More specifically:
8.3 million people had a past year illicit drug use disorder
1.6 million people had a past year opioid use disorder
1.4 million people had a past year prescription pain reliever use disorder
904,000 people had a past year methamphetamine use disorder
2.4 million people had both an alcohol use disorder and an illicit drug use disorder in the past year.
67,300: The number of Americans who died from a drug-involved overdose in 2018, including illicit drugs and prescription opioids.
37,329: The number of alcohol-induced deaths in 2018, excluding accidents and homicides .
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Peer Support And Self
Most people have heard of Alcoholics Anonymous, but theres also NA and Celebrate Recovery, plus many more non-affiliated support groups. Connecting with other people who are battling a substance use problem can help keep one accountable for their recovery. As many people who have struggled with addiction will tell you, its absolutely essential to be able to talk about a problem with people who have been through a similar experience. Are these self-help groups the only way to do that? No, but they have the benefit of being widespread and available in most places. Because they work on a voluntary basis from week to week, they might not be the most effective way to recover from addiction. However, support groups and accountability are tremendously important for long-term recovery as part of an aftercare plan of disease management.
Types Of Behavioral Therapies Used In Addiction Treatment
Behavioral therapies can be done one-on-one, as a group, or with family, depending on the persons needs. Theyre usually intensive at the start of treatment. Sessions gradually reduce over time as the persons symptoms improve.
Behavioral therapies include:
- Cognitive behavioral therapy : It helps people recognize situations where theyre likely to use drugs or alcohol. It also helps develop coping skills to enhance a persons self-control.6, 8
- Dialectical behavior therapy : This focuses on developing skills in four areas: mindfulness, distress tolerance, emotion regulation, and interpersonal effectiveness.10
- Contingency management : This approach uses rewards to encourage positive changes in behavior. Its also called motivational incentives.6, 8
- Motivational interviewing: It helps people resolve their uncertainty in getting treatment and maximizes their willingness to change their behaviors.6, 8
- Multidimensional family therapy : This is designed for adolescents with drug abuse problems. It looks at drug-related influences and improves family functions.6, 8
- Rational emotive behavior therapy : It helps people identify negative feelings and thought patterns and replace them with healthier beliefs.11
- Holistic therapy: Involves non-medicinal recovery methods that are combined with conventional treatments. Examples include yoga, meditation, acupuncture, massage, nutrition, and exercise.12
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How Are Substance Use Disorders Treated
A substance use disorder is a mental health condition in which drugs or alcohol causes significant problems in your personal or professional life.
Substance use disorders are generally treated with:
A combination of therapy and medications
In some cases, your treatment might also include:
Smartphone and tablet apps
Treatments for other mental or physical health problems
Substance use treatment is never one-size-fits-all. The type of treatment that is best for you will depend on your mental and physical health, what substance you are using, and your personal preferences.
Types Of Substance Abuse Treatment Programs
Effective treatment for substance addiction or drug abuse comes in many forms, depending on the level of care a person requires.4There is a range of types of addiction treatment and substance use programs available. If you or a loved one is ready to get help for substance misuse, its important to find the right type of treatment for you. You should look for a program that offers individualized care which addresses all of your needs.4
Understanding the different types of substance abuse treatment programs can help you or a loved one take that important first step toward long-term sobriety and recovery.
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What Is A Substance Use Disorder
Substance use disorder is a complex condition in which there is uncontrolled use of a substance despite harmful consequences. People with SUD have an intense focus on using a certain substance such as alcohol, tobacco, or illicit drugs, to the point where the personâs ability to function in day-to-day life becomes impaired. People keep using the substance even when they know it is causing or will cause problems. The most severe SUDs are sometimes called addictions.
People with a substance use disorder may have distorted thinking and behaviors. Changes in the brainâs structure and function are what cause people to have intense cravings, changes in personality, abnormal movements, and other behaviors. Brain imaging studies show changes in the areas of the brain that relate to judgment, decision making, learning, memory, and behavioral control.
People can develop an addiction to:
- PCP, LSD and other hallucinogens
- Inhalants, such as, paint thinners and glue
- Opioid pain killers, such as codeine and oxycodone, heroin
- Sedatives, hypnotics and anxiolytics
- Cocaine, methamphetamine and other stimulants
When someone has a substance use disorder, they usually build up a tolerance to the substance, meaning they need larger amounts to feel the effects.
According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse, people begin taking drugs for a variety of reasons, including:
In addition to substances, people can also develop addiction to behaviors, such as gambling .
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Buprenorphine For Addiction Treatment
Opioid addiction can be very difficult to overcome, especially due to severe withdrawal symptoms and cravings that can occur during the recovery process. Buprenorphine is a prescription medication that is used to treat opioid withdrawal symptoms, …
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Vivitrol For Alcohol And Opioid Addiction Treatment
Vivitrol is the brand name for extended-release naltrexone, an injectable treatment for alcohol use disorder and opioid use disorder. Addiction to a substance, or a substance use disorder , is a chronic, lifelong disorder. 1 Long-term …
Whats The Difference Between Substance Use/misuse And Substance Use Disorder
Substance use/misuse refers to occasional episodes of substance use rather than chronic, habitual or patterned use.
People can use substances occasionally without developing SUD, but even a few episodes of taking certain substances can lead to tolerance and dependence. Tobacco, heroin, cocaine, alcohol, cannabis and benzodiazepines are all substances that you can develop tolerance and dependence to.
Types Of Therapy For Addiction Recovery: Motivational Interviewing
Motivational enhancement therapy or motivational interviewing consists of helping people find their inner drive to accomplish a goal. In the case of addiction, it helps patients overcome addictive patterns. The licensed therapist listens to the concerns of the patient and finds encouraging ways to get them to commit to change. This technique helps patients who struggle with depression regain a sense of focus. Additionally, motivational interviewing can be combined with Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for better results.
What Are The Risk Factors For Addiction
Risk factors for addiction exist on an individual and societal level, and they are features that can be present in:3
The more risk factors you have, the more likely you are to have adverse outcomes and develop a drug or alcohol addiction.3
Risk factors can be permanent or temporary and can include:3
- Childhood abuse, maltreatment, or trauma.
- Having parents who use drugs and alcohol.
- Having parents with mental illness.
- Lack of parental involvement/family support.
Risk factors can present throughout your lifetime, and additional risk factors include:4
- Availability of drugs and alcohol in school.
- Poor peer refusal skills
- Aggressive behavior in childhood.
- Community poverty.
- Lack of parental supervision.
- Age of first use.
- Amount of substance taken.
- How the substance is taken.
- Underlying mental illness.
Researchers are finding that the impact the environment has on a persons genetic expression accounts for 40%60% of a persons risk for developing an addiction.4
Protective factors counter risk factors and can include:3
- Social competence.
Both risk and protective factors influence one another throughout a persons life.3
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Yoga Meditation And Mindfulness
Yoga is an exercise that emphasizes controlled breathing and body postures to promote physical strength, concentration and serenity. Clinical trials involving yoga and mindfulness found the therapies were effective complements to preventing and treating addiction, according to a study published in Complementary Therapies in Medicine.
A meta-analysis of studies on meditation published in Alcoholism Treatment Quarterly found that the technique can reduce stress, anxiety, tobacco smoking, and alcohol anddrug abuse. Additionally, a clinical trial on mindfulness therapy published in the Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology found yoga was a feasible and effective treatment for opioid abuse and chronic pain.
What Does Therapy For Addiction Treatment Do
Therapy provides the individual with education regarding their addiction, relapse, and the recovery processes, and helps them learn about healthy coping and communication skills, as well as how to build and establish a supportive recovery network. Treatment can help heal shame and guilt, and build trust and a positive self-image. Furthermore, it helps the patient explore motives, triggers, and warning signs for substance abuse they may not have been aware of. By uncovering the root of addiction, patients can better understand the value of getting treated in a supportive facility. There are different therapy approaches, such as:
Motivational enhancement therapy
Behavioral therapies focus on identifying negative behaviors and their cause while creating new healthy behaviors, while creative therapies provide feelings of well-being and help the patient work through challenging emotions as they recover from substance abuse. Therapies help increase patient motivation, self-confidence, self-esteem, communication, self-awareness, feelings of well-being, and provide a sense of purpose.
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What Is The Source Of The Symptoms Of Withdrawal
When a person rapidly stops or reduces their usage of a substance, they may experience withdrawal symptoms. When an externally supplied psychoactive drug causes the brain to modify its activities around that substance, it happens because the brain is an adaptable organ . The activity of neurotransmitters and the sensitivity of receptors in diverse parts of the brain fluctuate. Adaptations the brain has built to the drug in numerous systems are thrown off balance when usage of that substance abruptly ceases. That causes a surge in the activity of a number of neurotransmitters and their receptors in a wide range of brain systems. These symptoms are known as withdrawal and the consequences that a person feels are often the reverse of what the drug would have caused.