What Are The 10 Most Addictive Substances On Earth
A study published in the medical journal The Lancet assessed 20 substances to determine the harm of each drug. Researchers divided the parameters into 3 categories: physical harm, dependence, and social harms. The results of the dependence category were used to determine the 10 most addictive substances on earth.
Dependence was split into 3 determining factors: intensity of pleasure, psychological dependence, and physical dependence. Highly pleasurable drugs are commonly abused because of the initial affect and the euphoria that follows. Psychological dependence is characterized by repeated use of a drug, the fear of stopping, and negative consequences and physical dependence involves increasing tolerance, cravings, and withdrawal symptoms.
Below is a list of how each drug scored based on dependence.
Science Says That These Are The Five Most Addictive Substances On Earth
You may find yourself in a discussion with friends this month, trying to decide who is having the worst time of it trying to stay off the booze, off the cigarettes, or off sugar.
Well fear not science has the answer!
Professor David Nutt is a neuropsychopharmacologist currently at Imperial College London and together with his colleagues asked addiction experts to put their collective heads together to come up with a rational scale to assess the harm of drugs.
Based on the research, his team have deemed the following to be the most addictive substances on earth.
Nutts experts ranked heroin as the most addictive drug, giving it a score of 3 out of a maximum score of 3.
Heroin is an opiate that causes the level of dopamine in the brains reward system to increase by up to 200% in experimental animals.
In addition to being arguably the most addictive drug, heroin is dangerous, too, because the dose that can cause death is only five times greater than the dose required for a high.
If You Or A Loved One Are Suffering From The Disease Of Drug Addiction
There is help available to you if you or a loved one has a physical dependence or psychological dependence on drugs. It does not matter if the addiction is to illegal drugs or common legal drugs like alcohol, this is a disease that can take over your life. BrightView addiction treatment programs focus on providing a comprehensive, outpatient approach to drug treatment. We offer Medication-Assisted Treatment, or MAT, along with a combination of individual and group counseling. Our treatment centers proven approach helps patients achieve the best chance at long-term recovery while maintaining as many of their normal daily activities as possible. If you need help, contact us today. Our friendly staff answers our phone 24 hours a day. 1-833-510-HELP
You May Like: Which Drug Is The Most Addictive
The 5 Most Addictive Drugs
Heroin. According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse , heroin is the fastest acting and most abused opioid. Opioids are drugs that relieve pain and provide a euphoric âhigh.â Opioids include prescription painkillers, like oxycodone and morphine, or illegal drugs like heroin and street fentanyl.
According to a 2020 review published by the National Institutes of Health, about 80 percent of heroin users began with abusing prescription opioids, and about 400,000 Americans aged 12 and older live with heroin addiction.
Cocaine/Crack. Cocaine is a highly addictive illegal powder. Itâs a stimulant, which means its users become more alert, active, and euphoric before crashing. According to the Drug Policy Alliance, crack is a type of smoked cocaine that is faster acting but almost chemically identical. According to the United States Department of Health and Human Services, five and a half million people used cocaine, including crack, in 2019, and about a million of those people were addicted.
Alcohol. Alcohol is a depressant, meaning it slows down the brainâs reactions and functioning. It also reduces anxiety in lighter doses. The availability of alcohol and its popularity can make it more addictive, Antonello Bonci, MD, founder of Global Institutes on Addictions in Miami, Florida, tells WebMD Connect to Care.
“In terms of the sheer number of people addicted, alcohol is the substance with the highest number of cases worldwide,â Bonci says.
Most Addictive Drugs In The World
Some of the most addictive drugs in the world include:
1. Prescription Opioids
Common Street Names: Captain Cody, Dillies, Schoolboy, Oxycat, Percs, White Stuff
Prescription opioids belong to the opioid class of drugs which are either derived from poppy plants or produced synthetically in a laboratory. Regardless of how its made, all opioids are chemically alike. They bind with opioid receptors to block nerve signals between the brain and the body. This gives them the ability to effectively block pain, which is why theyre often used to manage chronic pain.
Unfortunately, they also produce a high which makes them extremely addictive. Whats dangerous with opioids is that you can abuse them and not know it. Accidental addiction can happen with prescription opioids if a person:
- Takes more than the prescribed dose
- Takes it longer than prescribed
- Drinks them with alcohol without knowing the risk
When a person misuses opioids, they can develop tolerance to these drugs. Drug tolerance increases the risk for addiction and overdose.
In the United States, as much as 96.6% of people who misuse opioids use opioid painkillers.1 Globally, opioid use disorder affects about 16 million people.2
List of Addictive Opioids
Below are some misused opioids:
Codeine is one of the most commonly prescribed addictive drugs. It is used to treat mild to moderate pain, especially when the person doesnt respond to less potent painkillers such as ibuprofen and paracetamol.
You May Like: How To Approach Someone With An Addiction
Symptoms Of Substance Use Disorder
Symptoms of substance use disorder include one or more of the following symptoms within 12 months:
- Recurring substance use where the user is either unable to or has the reduced capacity to fulfill their obligations at work, school, or home as a result of alcohol and other addictive drugs
- Continued use of an addictive substance in places or situations that are inappropriate or physically dangerous
- Getting into legal problems due to substance use
- Using addictive drugs despite having social or interpersonal problems that are either caused or made worse by their effects
The more addictive a drug or substance is, the more potent its effects. With continued use, they can quickly lead to the development of drug dependence, drug abuse, and drug addiction.
The most addictive drugs which include crack cocaine, crystal meth, and prescription opioids are also accompanied by severe withdrawal symptoms that make it difficult to quit.
If you or a loved one is addicted to one or several of these substances, seek medical help right away. Starting addiction treatment early helps ensure a safe and long-lasting recovery.
How Drugs And Alcohol Affect The Brain
The different areas of your brain talk to each other through neurotransmitters . Dopamine is the main neurotransmitter for drugs of abuse. It carries chemical messages between the neurons .
Neurons have receptors that dopamine and other neurotransmitters can unlock to deliver a chemical message. After the dopamine delivers the message, your brain gathers up the dopamine and recycles it. However, drugs of abuse can copy dopamine, stimulate too much dopamine, or prevent the brain from recycling it.
The release of dopamine from a normal rewarding activity like eating or having sex stimulates the pleasure centers in the brain like drugs do. The stimulation from drugs, though, can be far stronger. If substance abuse continues, your brain will slow down production of normal dopamine and other chemical messengers.
Don’t Miss: How To Approach An Addict
Ways To Get In Contact With Us
If you believe you or someone you love may be struggling with addiction, let us hear your story and help you determine a path to treatment.
There are a variety of confidential, free, and no obligation ways to get in contact with us to learn more about treatment.
What Is The Most Addictive Drug
Drug use is a major problem for millions of Americans, especially for our veterans. According to a study conducted by the National Institutes of Health, veterans are twice as likely as the general population to die from an opioid-related overdose. This is especially worrisome considering in 2019, 70,630 people died in the United States from a drug overdose. With drug use among veterans continuing to rise, the question, many are beginning to wonder, what is the most addictive drug?
While all drugs can be addictive, not all are created equal. Determining what the most addictive drug is comes down to several different factors. These include how the drug interacts with the brain, how readily available it is, and how often someone uses it. Below are the top five most addictive drugs, along with where veterans can get help for substance abuse.
Don’t Miss: Why Do Drug Addicts Use Q Tips
The 5 Most Addictive Substances On Earth
Addiction of any kind is likely to wreak havoc on an individuals life, but there are various substances that have qualities that make them especially hard to beat.
These substances are typically used to treat anxiety and induce sleep. Popular street names for Barbiturates include Blue Bullets, Gorillas, Nembies, Bars, and Pink Ladies. At low doses, these drugs can produce euphoria at higher doses an overdose due to suppressed breathing can result.
An estimated 14-20 million people worldwide use Cocaine, resulting in a billion-dollar industry. Cocaine reacts with the brains level of dopamine, preventing neurons from turning the feel good signal off. This results in abnormal activation of the brains reward pathways. An estimated 21% of people who try Cocaine will become addicted at some point in their lifetime.
Addiction to beer, wine, orliquor can have a very negative effect on the body and mind that is often irreversible. Studies have shown that alcohol increases the level of dopamine in the brains reward system by as much as 360%. This legalized substance has a death rate of over 3 million per year.
Finding Solutions To Drug Addiction
Recovery does not end once treatment is complete.
Recovery is a lifelong process that requires your commitment, patience, self-love, and support.
Even years after recovery, it is essential to continue to apply the skills you learn during your treatment.
Once you realize that you have a problem the next step is to make the call.
Asking for help is the right thing to do for your body, mind, and soul. Knowing what is the most addictive substance on earth is important as well.
BriteLife Recoverys services offer treatment programs that actually work.
Every patient is evaluated, and a tailored program is created unique to your needs.
Even if you are not fully ready to detox, our staff is here to answer your questions.
We can help you find the next step in your recovery journey.
You May Like: Can Drug Addicts Donate Organs
The Most Addictive Drugs In The World
According to a report, about 21 million people in the U.S. aged 12 years and older struggle with substance addiction every year. The National Institute on Drug Abuse shows expenditure due to lower production in the workplace, legal costs, and criminal justice is up to $600 billion. You can avoid the severe problems associated with most addictive drugs by visiting a rehab center for services such as:
Beat Addiction With Ardu Recovery Center
If you have trouble abstaining from the most addictive drug and want rehabilitation and support from a recovery center trained to treat these issues, please contact Ardu Recovery Center. We understand your plight and have a caring staff that wants the best for you. Reach out and take that first step to recovery today.
Also Check: How Many Drug Addicts In The Us
Mystery Rocket Set To Smash Into The Moon In Three Days What We Know So Far
Using her own daughter as an example, Sherry said that had Siena been alive today to watch Euphoria, she would’ve likely “glommed on” to the characters leading the riskiest lifestyles, or those who seemed to be having the most fun.
“The show and its messages had such an impact on me because of what happened with Siena,” Sherry said.
“But I think she would’ve paid more attention to the clothes, the mannerisms of these kids, what they were drinking, and how they were acting – rather than the messages.
“For adults it makes sense when you break down what’s happening on screens, but a lot of the teens watching this show won’t be doing that,” she added.
“Their brains aren’t fully developed yet.”
Finding Treatment For Drug Abuse
There is hope for anyone who suffers from addiction. What is the most addictive substance? We can help with that information.
BriteLife Recovery is a safe space to address the underlying reasons that lead you to use drugs.
We can help you stop using drugs.
We can help you determine the most addictive substance on earth to steer clear from or help recover from.
At every step of the way, from withdrawal to aftercare, we will support you. Our programs are tailor-designed to address your specific use.
You do not have to be alone in your drug addiction battle.
Reaching out for support is the first step to recovery.
The stigma of drug addiction can be challenging to overcome, and BriteLife Recovery understands these harmful stereotypes.
If you have lost family and friends due to your drug addiction, now is the time to reach out for treatment.
We will help you build a supportive circle and encourage your recovery at every step. Staying sober is a choice you must make.
Also Check: How To Stop Being Addicted To Sugar
Most Popular Drugs In The Us
The most common drugs used in America include:
In 2019, 14 percent of U.S. adults smoked cigarettes. This equates to 34.1 million people, including 15.3 percent of men and 12.7 percent of women.4
Nicotine addiction may not seem as harmful as many other addictions since tobacco products are legal and easy to buy in the U.S.
Additionally, the worst side effects of tobacco use take time to develop.
Tobacco use takes more lives than any other addictive drug. Many smokers cant quit even though they know the impact smoking has on their health.
Wanting to quit tobacco use, but being unable to do so, is a sign of addiction and a need for treatment.
In the U.S., over 85.6 percent of people over 18 reported drinking alcohol at some point in their lives.5
The social acceptance of drinking can make an alcohol use disorder hard to spot. Alcohol is legal, but it comes with many health risks, including addiction.
There are a number of negative consequences which can result from AUD. It can lead to death from:
- Liver disease
- Other serious health issues
In some states, the legalization of marijuana has made the drug more socially acceptable, minimizing potential unwanted consequences such as cannabis dependence.
According to the 2017 National Survey on Drug Use and Health, an estimated two million Americans misused prescription pain killers for the first time.6
The following drugs are commonly prescribed to treat pain:
Main Properties Of Drug Addictive Influence
Overall, 5 main properties influence a drugs potential for addiction. They are:
Most individuals experiment with drugs, not to get addicted, but to experience the reactions. As they say, Curiosity killed the cat, which unfortunately can happen to anyone. Yet, numerous studies showcase what specific drugs do to a persons body and brain. However, since were all unique, not everyone has the same reaction. Is there one drug more addictive in nature than all others? How quickly does addiction develop from using said drug?
You May Like: Why Do People Get Addicted To Alcohol
The 5 Most Addictive Drugs: New Addiction Science
There are millions of individuals in the United States who suffer from substance use disorder. A study done by the National Center for Drug Abuse Statistics on general drug use showed that 31.9 million of the population over the age of 12 currently use illegal drugs, and that 20.3 million people admitted to having a substance use disorder in 2018. Amid the ongoing crisis of addiction in the United States, a popular topic of discussion is whats the most addictive drug?
Knowing what the most addictive drugs are and what causes them to be so alluring is a useful tool in the battle against addiction. Several factors are involved in determining what the most addictive drugs are, including the effects on the brain, effects on the body, and how readily available it is to users. While all drugs have the potential for abuse, some are naturally more addictive than others.
‘all Parents Should Watch It’
To a degree, Sherry agreed with O’Brien’s stance on Euphoria, saying at times the images on-screen were almost identical to some of the interactions she shared with Siena in the months preceding her death.
One scene in particular that resonated with Sherry came during the second season when Zendaya’s character Rue fights with and screams at her mother for disposing of her drug stash while she was sleeping.
“Siena came home from a party one night and something just wasn’t right with her, so when she went to sleep I went through all of her things and found these pills hidden away in her wallet.
“I didn’t know what they were but I just threw them out. Then the next morning, she became feral when she couldn’t find them.
“She was kicking and screaming, and saying all these hurtful things.
“It was exactly like the scene from the show. She told me, “I know you hate me but I hate me too” which is almost what Rue said verbatim.”
The show’s realism, while “traumatizing” at times for her to watch, may help other parents to spot the “red flags” in their children’s behavior before its too late, Sherry says.
“I think every parent should watch this show,” she said, “because although its horrifying, it shows you exactly what its like to live with a drug addict child.”
“Even if your child isn’t behaving like this, I bet they know someone who is.
“And spotting those warning signs could literally be a matter of life or death.”
To learn more about Sherry and Siena’s story, .
You May Like: How To Control My Food Addiction