Nearly Half Of Americans Have A Family Member Or Close Friend Whos Been Addicted To Drugs
Its common for Americans to know someone with a current or past drug addiction and its an experience that mostly cuts across demographic and partisan lines.
A Pew Research Center survey conducted in August found that 46% of U.S. adults say they have a family member or close friend who is addicted to drugs or has been in the past. Identical shares of men and women say this , as do identical shares of Democrats and Democratic-leaning independents when compared with Republicans and Republican leaners . There are no statistically significant differences between whites , Hispanics and blacks .
Data from the federal government provide context for these survey findings. In 2016, about 7.4 million Americans ages 12 and older reported behavior in the past year that meets the criteria of an illicit drug use disorder, according to the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration . These criteria include a drug user making unsuccessful attempts to cut down on use or continuing the habit despite physical health or emotional problems associated with use.
While a relatively small share of Americans report having an illicit drug use disorder, the number and rate of drug overdose deaths has grown sharply in recent years, with opioids accounting for a rising share of these fatalities. Opioids now account for more than six-in-ten drug overdose deaths.
Preliminary estimates show that U.S. drug overdose deaths continued to rise sharply in 2016.
Comparison With Other Substances
All substances that affect the mind carry their own set of risks and harms, some unique to the substance. The most well-established, long term harm of regular cannabis use is addiction. It is often difficult to compare risks and harms between substances. Nevertheless, based on what is currently known, the risk of cannabis addiction is lower than the risk of addiction to alcohol, tobacco or opioids. And, unlike substances such as alcohol or opioids where overdoses may be fatal, a cannabis overdose is not fatal.
Doctors Finding Recovery From Addiction
Because of the growing awareness of the severity of opioid addiction, more and more states across the country are working towards medical intervention over criminal intervention, even for doctors who work with patients.
If you find yourself this vulnerable group or know a loved one who is, theres no better time than today to make the change. Call Dream Center for Recovery today at 1-877-978-3148 to discuss your options.
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Statistics On Opioid Addiction And Abuse
Opioids are a class of drugs which block sensations of pain and cause euphoria. They are dangerous because they pose very high risks for addiction and overdose. Opioids are an ingredient in many pain-relieving medications. Since they are controlled substances, drug traffickers also sell them illegally. Opioids, both illegal and prescribed, have caused a surge of deaths in the United States in the past 2 decades.
- About 130 Americans die every day from an Opioid overdose.
- From 1999 to 2017, 399,230 Americans lost their lives to Opioids.
- In 2017 alone, 47,600 fatal overdoses occurred in America which involved at least 1 Opioid.
- In 2017, doctors issued 191,218,272 Opioid prescriptions, a slight decline from the 200,000,000 Opioid prescriptions which they issued every year from 2006 to 2016.
- Since 1999, the sale of Opioid painkillers has skyrocketed by 300%.
- About 20% to 30% of people who take prescription Opioids misuse them.
- 2 million Americans misused prescription Opioids for the first time in 2017.
- About 10% of people who misuse prescription Opioids become addicted to Opioids.
- Approximately 2.1 million Americans have an Opioid use disorder.
- About 5% of people with an Opioid use disorder will try Heroin.
Indirect Deaths: Risk Factors For Early Death
Substance use is responsible for 11.4 million premature deaths each year
11.8 million deaths are attributed to substance use each year we look at the this breakdown between direct deaths and indirect deaths from increased risk of various diseases and injury here.
What we see from this breakdown is that the majority of these deaths are indirect: they result from more than smoking increasing the risk of lung and various other cancers, heart disease, stroke and diabetes and alcohol and illicit drugs increasing the risk of suicide, hepatitis and liver diseases.
The Global Burden of Disease is a major global study on the causes and risk factors for death and disease published in the medical journal The Lancet.8 These estimates of the annual number of deaths attributed to a wide range of risk factors are shown here. This chart is shown for the global total, but can be explored for any country or region using the change country toggle.
In this chart you see deaths from smoking, secondhand smoke, alcohol use, and drug use: collectively these accounted for 11.4 million deaths in 2017. If we consider these deaths collectively, this makes substance use the leading risk factor for premature death globally.
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Meth Addiction Anxiety And Co
The American Journal on Addictions published studies showing that around 40 percent of people seeking treatment for methamphetamine abuse also reported struggling with anxiety. Mood and anxiety disorders and drug abuse co-occur at rates as high as 50 percent, NIDA publishes.
Meth abuse and dependence can cause anxiety just as someone struggling with anxiety may take a drug like meth to self-medicate difficult symptoms of an anxiety disorder. Either way, meth abuse worsens anxiety in the long run and can make treatment for both the anxiety disorder and addiction more complicated.
The best method for treating co-occurring disorders is considered to be simultaneous and integrated care for both disorders. In this way, both the addiction and the anxiety can be addressed and managed in order to enhance recovery for both conditions. A combination of medications and therapeutic measures should be employed by highly trained medical, mental health, and addiction treatment professionals.
Statistics On Hallucinogen Addiction And Abuse
Hallucinogens are a category of mind-altering drugs. Psilocybin Mushrooms, DMT, Mescaline, LSD, PCP, Ketamine, Ecstasy, and Salvia are all Hallucinogenic drugs. They are all illegal and they all carry risks for traumatizing hallucinations, impaired judgment, and addiction.
- About 1.4 million people in the United States are regular Hallucinogen users. About 143,000 of them are minors between the ages of 12 and 17.
- In 2017, 1.2 million Americans, including 344,000 minors between the ages of 12 and 17, used a Hallucinogen for the first time.
- In 2018, 2% of 12th graders admitted to trying a Hallucinogen at least once in their lives.
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Percent Of Us Adults Have Drug Use Disorder At Some Point In Their Lives
75 percent report not receiving any form of treatment.
A survey of American adults revealed that drug use disorder is common, co-occurs with a range of mental health disorders and often goes untreated. The study, funded by the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism , part of the National Institutes of Health, found that about 4 percent of Americans met the criteria for drug use disorder in the past year and about 10 percent have had drug use disorder at some time in their lives.
Based on these findings, more than 23 million adults in the United States have struggled with problematic drug use.
George F. Koob, Ph.D., NIAAA director
Based on these findings, more than 23 million adults in the United States have struggled with problematic drug use, said George F. Koob, Ph.D., NIAAA director. Given these numbers, and other recent findings about the prevalence and under-treatment of alcohol use disorder in the U.S., it is vitally important that we continue our efforts to understand the underlying causes of drug and alcohol addiction, their relationship to other psychiatric conditions and the most effective forms of treatment.
This includes the problematic use of amphetamines, marijuana, club drugs , cocaine, hallucinogens, heroin, non-heroin opioids , sedatives/tranquilizers, and solvents/inhalants. Face-to-face interviews were conducted to diagnose drug use disorder, as well as alcohol use disorder, nicotine use disorder, and various personality disorders.
Who Is At Risk For Drug Addiction
Various risk factors can make you more likely to become addicted to drugs, including
- Your biology. People can react to drugs differently. Some people like the feeling the first time they try a drug and want more. Others hate how it feels and never try it again.
- Mental health problems. People who have untreated mental health problems, such as depression, anxiety, or attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder are more likely to become addicted. This can happen because drug use and mental health problems affect the same parts of the brain. Also, people with these problems may use drugs to try to feel better.
- Trouble at home. If your home is an unhappy place or was when you were growing up, you might be more likely to have a drug problem.
- Trouble in school, at work, or with making friends. You might use drugs to get your mind off these problems.
- Hanging around other people who use drugs. They might encourage you to try drugs.
- Starting drug use when you’re young. When kids use drugs, it affects how their bodies and brains finish growing. This increases your chances of becoming addicted when you’re an adult.
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Statistics On Tobacco Addiction And Abuse
In most states, anyone over the age of 18 can easily purchase a box of cigarettes. Although cigarettes are legal and accessible, they cause a variety of fatal health conditions and they are also addictive.
- About 34 million Americans smoke cigarettes.
- The percentage of Americans who smoke cigarettes has decreased from 21% in 2005 to 14% in 2017.
- About 16% of American men and about 12% of American women smoke cigarettes.
- People who are disabled, live below the poverty line, or lack a college education are more likely to smoke cigarettes.
- In 2017, about 604,000 Americans between the ages of 12 and 17 and about 1.2 million Americans between the ages of 18 and 21 smoked their first cigarette.
- Smoking cigarettes is the cause of over 480,000 deaths every year in the United States.
Drug Abuse Among Veterans
Mental illness and substance abuse is relatively common among military veterans.
- 7% of veterans struggle with illegal drug use compared to 5.3% of the general population in the US over age 18.
- 80% struggle with alcohol abuse, and 7% have an issue with both alcohol and illegal drugs.
- 7% of the veteran population has a serious mental illness compared to 14.4% of adults over 18.
- 505,000 veterans misuse prescription pain relievers compared to 59,000 who used heroin.
- 10% of veterans between the ages of 18-25 misuse prescription pain relievers compared to 5.5% of the general population in the US in the same age group.
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What Should You Do If You Or Someone You Know Is Addicted
If you or a loved one is ready to seek help for an addiction, the first step is to find a physician or other health professional who can help. Ask your physician for a referral to a medical professional in addiction medicine. Or search the American Society of Addiction Medicineâs website for addiction specialists in your area. The American Academy of Addiction Psychiatry also has a Patient Referral Program.
Another resource is the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration toll-free help line to find drug treatment near you: 1-800-662-HELP . Or you can visit SAHMSAâs Behavioral Health Treatment Services Locator. Thereâs also a State Agencies webpage that helps you find state agencies that might have special programs for you or a loved one.
If you or a loved one is ready to seek assistance for an addiction, the first step is to find a physician or other health professional who can help.
If you are supporting a friend or loved one in overcoming addiction, the National Institute on Drug Abuse offers the following advice: Assure your friend or loved one that addiction can be managed successfully, but acknowledge that it may take several attempts at treatment to find the best approach. If your friend or loved one refuses to seek help, a confrontational âinterventionâ is not recommended. These encounters can escalate into violence or backfire in other ways. Try to convince the person to consult with a physician.
What Are Opioid Withdrawal Symptoms And How Can You Alleviate Them
Opioid withdrawal symptoms can but wonât necessarily include some of the following:
- Drug cravings
- Feeling cold
Opioid withdrawal symptoms generally last between three and five days, although they can last up to 10 days, according to the American Society of Addiction Medicine .
Withdrawal from opioids can be difficult and even dangerous. Trying to quit âcold turkeyâ is not recommended, ASAM advises, because it can lead to stronger cravings and continued use. The safest way to alleviate opioid withdrawal symptoms is through medically supervised treatment that generally includes medicines, counseling, and support. Some medications used to relieve withdrawal symptoms are methadone and buprenorphine . These medications can also be used as long-term maintenance medicine for opioid dependence. In addition, a medication called clonidine can be used during withdrawal to help reduce anxiety, agitation, muscle aches, sweating, runny nose, and cramping. It does not help reduce cravings. The addiction medicine physician may also prescribe medication to treat vomiting and diarrhea and help with insomnia.
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Inhalation Of Drugs Smoke
The smoke of cigarettes or any other drug is not only harmful to humans but also to the animals as well. If a drug addict is smoking with his pet around him, its obvious the dog is going to inhale the smoke. This smoke can cause the same serious problems to the dog as it can to the smoker.
It can damage the lungs of the smoker as well as the animal, causing lung cancer or heart problems. Blood pressure can rise. Other than this, regular ingestion of the residue of the cigarettes can give them digestive problems.
Uk Drug Use Statistics In The Uk
Research carried out over the last three years suggests that:
- During 2018/19, 9.4% of adults surveyed, between the ages of 16 to 59 had taken an illicit drug ²
- In 2018/19, 20.3% of young adults, within the ages range of 16 to 24, had taken an illicit drug ²
- In 2018/19, there were 7,376 hospital admissions recorded for drug related mental and behavioural disorders ²
- A higher frequency of visits to pubs and nightclubs in 2018/19 was linked to a higher occurrence of drug use ³
- In 2018/19, 9.8% of people living in urban areas were more likely to have taken any drug than 7.7% of those living in rural areas ³
- People with lower levels of happiness were more likely to have taken drugs than those with higher levels of happiness ³
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Why Are Some People More Prone To Addiction
Addiction is a very complicated subject and its something that scientists and psychologists are still trying to understand. What can be said is this: addiction does not discriminate it can affect people of all ages, intelligence levels and backgrounds. The signs, symptoms and causes of addiction can vary from person to person, but still, addiction can have a damaging effect on anyone’s livelihood and it’s often difficult to manage without professional addiction treatments.
Despite the difficulty in ascribing exactly what makes some people more prone to addiction than others, countless studies have found that a combination of factors can play a part. Environment, genetics, family background, personality traits, and even stress can all make someone more likely to try drugs or alcohol in the first place. Experimenting with different substances doesn’t automatically lead to addiction however, when different factors contribute to the taking of drugs and alcohol, addictions can develop.
Although nobody can completely eliminate the possibility of becoming an addict, The National Institute on Drug Abuse has highlighted some of the most common risk factors that make some more susceptible to it than others.
To discuss how the Life Works team can help to support individuals and families dealing with addiction and for further information on treatment and rehabilitation programmes, please call: 01483 745 066 or click here to book a FREE ADDICTION ASSESSMENT.
Statistics On Methamphetamine Addiction And Abuse
Methamphetamine, which is commonly called Meth, is a controlled substance which has a high potential for abuse, overdose, and addiction. As an illegal drug, Meth is usually sold as Crystal to be burned and smoked. Meth is highly addictive and dangerous for a persons health.
- About 774,000 Americans are regular Meth users. About 16,000 of them are between the ages of 12 and 17.
- About 10,000 Americans who regularly used Meth suffered a fatal overdose in 2017.
- About 964,000 Americans are addicted to Meth.
- In 2017, about 195,000 Americans used Meth for the first time.
- The number of fatal Meth overdoses almost tripled from 2011 to 2016.
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How To Take Opioids And Not Get Addicted
An addiction specialist explains when it makes sense to take one of these powerful drugsand for how long.
It might not seem like a big deal to take a pain med prescribed by your doctor. But if the drug falls into the opioid category, you may want to have a deeper conversation with your physician.
Opioid medicationssuch as codeine, oxycodone, and fentanylwork by attaching to opioid receptors in the body and brain to lower the perception of pain. They can be very effective, but also highly addictive.
The longer you take an opioid, the more you may need to get the same pain-killing effect, says Antoine Douaihy, MD, a professor of psychiatry and medicine at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine. “They aren’t an appropriate long-term pain management option,” he told Health in a prior interview.
But in recent years, there’s been a “dramatic increase in the acceptance” of opioids to treat conditions like osteoarthritis and back pain, according to the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The number of scripts written for opioids has nearly quadrupled since 1999. And in the same period, the number of deaths from prescription opioid meds has grown fourfold.
Today we are in the middle of an opioid overdose epidemic. Unfortunately, health care practitioners have contributed to this public health crisis over the past two decades, Dr. Douaihy said. We underestimated the addictive potential of opioid painkillers and theyve been overprescribed.