Wednesday, May 29, 2024

Am I Addicted To Opioids

Should I Get Addiction Treatment Locally Or Away

Descent into opioid addiction captured on video

The answer to whether you should go away or stay local for addiction treatment is very individual. Many people need to get away from their everyday life for them to fully submerge themselves in their addiction recovery process. For these individuals, going to an out of state treatment center is the best option to be able to commit fully and concentrate on their recovery. For others, this is not an option because of work or family obligations.

Sign : Opioid Dependence Symptoms

The physical dependence on opioids occurs when your body gets used to the substance you are ingesting. You will develop a tolerance that requires more opioids to receive the same relief. Your body will demand the medication. When you do not consistently use opioids at the same time intervals, you will experience withdrawal symptoms.

These include the following:

is both a symptom and a potentially fatal complication of opioid overdose.

Even if you do not have the psychological symptoms of depression, you should seek help when you find yourself in a state of physical dependence.

Treatment For Opioid Use Disorder Or Long

If a woman is pregnant or planning to become pregnant, the first thing she should do is talk to a healthcare provider. Creating a treatment plan for OUD or conditions treated with long-term opioid use, as well as other co-occurring health conditions, before pregnancy can help a woman increase her chances of a healthy pregnancy.

Quickly stopping opioids during pregnancy is not recommended, as it can have serious consequences, including preterm labor, fetal distress, or miscarriage. Current clinical recommendationsexternal icon for pregnant women with OUD include treatment with medication for opioid use disorder , rather than supervised withdrawal, due to a higher likelihood of better outcomes and a reduced risk of relapse.

When making decisions about whether to begin opioid therapy for chronic pain during pregnancy, healthcare providers and patients together should carefully weigh risks and benefits. For pregnant women already receiving opioids, clinicians should access appropriate expertise if considering stopping opioids because of possible risks during pregnancy. Healthcare providers caring for pregnant women receiving opioids for pain or MOUD should arrange for delivery at a facility prepared to care for newborns with NOWS. For more information, see the Pregnant Women section in CDCs Guideline for Prescribing Opioids for Chronic Pain.

For additional resources, visit CDCs opioid webpages:

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What Is An Opioid

An opioid is a type of drug found in some prescription pain medicines, as well as in certain street drugs such as heroin. Prescription opioids can assist with controlling pain when used under a doctors order. Opioids may be addictive and cause side effects, and even death, when used incorrectly.

Opioids are natural or synthetic chemicals that reduce feelings of pain. Common prescription opioids include:

Opioid Use Disorder Symptoms

4 Signs of Prescription Opioid Addiction

Opioids produce high levels of positive reinforcement, increasing the odds that people will continue using them despite negative resulting consequences. Opioid use disorder is a chronic lifelong disorder, with serious potential consequences including disability, relapses, and death. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th Edition describes opioid use disorder as a problematic pattern of opioid use leading to problems or distress, with at least two of the following occurring within a 12-month period:

  • Taking larger amounts or taking drugs over a longer period than intended.
  • Persistent desire or unsuccessful efforts to cut down or control opioid use.
  • Spending a great deal of time obtaining or using the opioid or recovering from its effects.
  • Craving, or a strong desire or urge to use opioids
  • Problems fulfilling obligations at work, school or home.
  • Continued opioid use despite having recurring social or interpersonal problems.
  • Giving up or reducing activities because of opioid use.
  • Using opioids in physically hazardous situations.
  • Continued opioid use despite ongoing physical or psychological problem likely to have been caused or worsened by opioids.
  • Experiencing withdrawal or taking opioids to relieve or avoid withdrawal symptoms.
  • More than half of people misusing opioid medications report 3

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    Mental Health Issues And Opioid Addiction

    If you have sufficiently been able to diagnose opioid addiction, consider mental state of your loved one. Drug addiction is a mental illness, so anything that falls under the substance abuse category is going to have some effects on a persons mental health, as well.

    Opioids, like all drugs, affect the brain in fundamental ways. Drug abuse or repeated use of the substance will have harmful consequences. However, these conditions do not include compulsive tendencies, tolerance , and withdrawal , which are signs of addiction. When a person becomes addicted, the hierarchy of their needs and desires turns upside down, as they develop new priorities. Controlling their impulses becomes more difficult and procuring and using the drug becomes the most important task, with serious behavior alterations.

    In the case of opiate addiction, many times patients become dependent because the drugs help them escape particular difficult situations theyre dealing with in their life. People may even start using them as a doctor prescribed treatment, but can quickly start using them more often than necessary for their effects. They feel better when they take prescription drugs that contain opiates so soon enough they are using them recreationally. If the patient is already suffering from mental health illnesses, such as depression, the temptation to use opiates to feel better is even bigger.

    Am I Addicted To Opiates

    In 2012, there were over 259 million opiate painkiller prescriptions written across America and an estimated 4.5 million nonmedical users of them in 2013. Heroin use is resurging as addicts look for alternatives to the high costs of painkillers on the street and increased drug prescription monitoring controls.

    No matter how your initial exposure to opiates occurred, chances are, that once you take them for a while you recognize changes in your physical and psychological health that makes you question whether you have an addiction or not.

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    Clinical Screening Tools For Prenatal Substance Use And Abuse

    4 Ps*

    Parents: Did any of your parents have a problem with alcohol or other drug use?

    Partner: Does your partner have a problem with alcohol or drug use?

    Past: In the past, have you had difficulties in your life because of alcohol or other drugs, including prescription medications?

    Present: In the past month have you drunk any alcohol or used other drugs?

    Scoring: Any yes should trigger further questions.

    NIDA Quick Screen

    • Step 1. Ask patient about past year drug usethe NIDA Quick Screen

    • Step 2. Begin the NIDA-Modified ASSIST

    • Step 3. Determine risk level

    Conduct a Brief Intervention

    • Step 4. Advise, Assess, Assist and Arrange

    CRAFFTâSubstance Abuse Screen for Adolescents and Young Adults

    C Have you ever ridden in a CAR driven by someone who was high or had been usingalcohol or drugs?

    R Do you ever use alcohol or drugs to RELAX, feel better about yourself, or fit in?

    A Do you ever use alcohol or drugs while you are by yourself or ALONE?

    F Do you ever FORGET things you did while using alcohol or drugs?

    F Do your FAMILY or friends ever tell you that you should cut down on your drinking or drug use?

    T Have you ever gotten in TROUBLE while you were using alcohol or drugs?

    Scoring: Two or more positive items indicate the need for further assessment.

    John R. Knight, MD, Boston Childrens Hospital, 2016. All rights reserved. Reproduced with permission. For more information, contact .

    What Causes Addiction To Opioids

    More White Americans Are Getting Addicted To Opioid Painkillers

    It is not yet known why some people become addicted to opioids and others do not. Typically, opioids produce pain relief and, for some people, euphoria a sense of heightened well-being. Experiencing euphoria after taking opioids may be a warning sign of vulnerability to opioid addiction. This euphoria can even occur in people using opioids as prescribed by their doctor.

    Early in the process of opioid use disorder, people may take an opioid drug because of the pleasurable effect. Over time, the pleasant sensations diminish. A person may take opioids more frequently or at higher doses to restore the euphoria or, as the condition progresses, to avoid withdrawal symptoms.

    Taking an opioid regularly increases the risk of becoming addicted. The time it takes to become physically dependent varies from person to person, but it is usually a couple of weeks. Taking an opioid for a day or two is not a problem for most people, but some studies show that even the first dose can have physiological effects that can make someone vulnerable to opioid use disorder.

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    What Are Opioids Approved For

    Prescription opioids are approved for managing moderate to severe pain. This can include:

    The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has also approved the use of some opioids to treat intense coughing and chronic diarrhea. Loperamide is an opioid healthcare providers use to treat diarrhea and irritable bowel syndrome . Opioids such as codeine and dextromethorphan are useful as cough suppressants.

    What Is A Stimulant

    Stimulants are a class of drugs that can be both illegal or one of the commonly prescribed substances acting on the central nervous system to increase alertness, attention, and energy with positive effects on mood and arousal. Excessive and non-medical use of stimulant drugs can be dangerous, and even deadly.

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    Do I Plan My Daily Schedule Around Getting & Using Opiates

    A physical dependence on opiates affects the brain and body on a physical level, leaving the brain unable to function normally in the absence of the drug. According to the U. S. National Library of Medicine, addiction affects the mind, creating a type of psychological dependence on the drugs effects.

    With addiction, opiates takes on top priority to the point where a person arranges his or her day around two primary motivations: obtaining needed drug supplies and using the drug.

    Sign : Uncharacteristic Behaviors

    Data Indicates Young Men Represent the Face of Opioid Addiction

    When addicted to opioids, you may feel moodier, more irritable, and angrier than before. You might pay less attention to your hygiene. Showering, dressing, and brushing your hair might feel difficult. You can also make risky choices that do not fit your general personality.

    This is primarily because mu-opioid receptors can be found throughout the entire brain, impacting every aspect of your behavior. Cognitive functions may deteriorate every time you consume opioids. They impact logic, decision-making, and reactivity. If you notice yourself acting in an uncharacteristic manner when you consume your pain meds, you should take note.

    You may want to consider . Bring this up with your doctor as soon as you are aware of the change.

    Sign 5: Pushing Your Support System Away

    If you are addicted to pain medications, you might find yourself distancing from loved ones. You may want to be around them, but you believe they will notice that you are high. You could be hiding that you have multiple pill bottles and opioid prescriptions. If you are in denial, you could avoid someone telling you that you have a problem.

    Over time, you may start surrounding yourself with people who support and enable opioid addiction. If you have noticed a shift in your support system, it may be time to reconnect with individuals who would support your recovery. Knowing you have loved ones who want you to get better will help you through and .

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    Counseling For Opioid Use Disorder

    Opioid use disorder interferes with many aspects of a persons life. Counseling and behavior therapy can help a person address underlying thoughts and behaviors associated with unhealthy opioid use and learn ways to counteract them.

    Depending on the treatment center, group therapy, relapse prevention training, vocational and educational services, community-based or family-based support, mental health assessment and other resources may be available to help support continued recovery.

    How Should You Store And Dispose Of Opioids To Protect Family Members

    If you are taking opioids, you are not the only one in your household who is in danger of misuse, addiction, and overdose. Other members of your household, including children, are also vulnerable. Hereâs how to protect them:

    • Always store opioids in a safe and secure place. Do not leave prescription bottles in the medicine cabinet, and keep the medication away from others, particularly young children. Children sometimes confuse medications with candy and end up swallowing them, which can lead to overdose. Other family members and visitors could also find prescription medications in the house and use them inappropriately.
    • Never share your prescriptions. More than half of people who misuse prescribed opioids get them from a friend or relative, according to the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration.
    • Donât throw unused opioids in the trash. Improper disposal of prescription medicines can lead to other people finding and taking them.

    If you have leftover or expired prescription medications, follow these drug disposal tips:

    Physician anesthesiologists are the most highly skilled medical experts in anesthesia care, pain management, and critical care medicine, with the education and training that can mean the difference between life and death.

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    Behavioral Signs Of Being Addicted To Opioids

    Sometimes, it can be easier to determine whether or not you have an opioid addiction by taking a look at your behavior. The most common behavioral signs include:

    • Opioids are used for longer or at a greater amount than intended
    • Majority of time is spent obtaining, using, or recovering from opioids
    • Unsuccessful attempts to slow or quit use
    • Abandonment of responsibilities

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    If youre asking yourself this question, you probably already realize you could be headed for trouble. Still, it can be confusing to understand how serious your situation might be and whether you actually have an .

    Some people become addicted quickly, using drugs more frequently or heavily and moving on to harder drugs in a short period of time. For others, alcoholism or other drug addiction can be a very slow process, developing into increasingly heavy drinking or drug use over many years. In fact, people around you might not be aware of how serious your situation has become if youve been hiding your drinking or other drug usewhich is typical behavior for someone with addiction.

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    How To Spot Signs Of Opioid Addiction

    Doctors use an 11-point checklist to help determine if a persons opioid use signals a deeper problem. Heres what they look for.

    It isnt always easy to tell if a person has an addiction to opioids.

    But any strange habits or suspicions should be taken seriously, says Jonathan D. Morrow, M.D., Ph.D., an assistant professor of psychiatry at the University of Michigan.

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    If youre using more and more of a drug, yet your daily functioning is getting worse instead of better, thats a sign of addiction, Morrow says. If youre using for a longer time than prescribed, thats a warning sign. If youre using it for reasons other than prescribed for example, because youre depressed or anxious or bored, that puts you at really high risk.

    Whether an opioid was obtained legally or not, taking it isnt supposed to be satisfying.

    If you use opioids for the intended purpose, you ideally should get no high, Morrow says. You get lots of side effects such as nausea and constipation. Its really not pleasant.

    Its once you go beyond the amount you need for pain control that you start getting a high.

    Opioids cause the brain to release dopamine, which triggers a desire to repeat the drug-taking experience. Taken for too long or in high amounts, they can be highly addictive.

    Morrow spoke about the checklist and how it is applied.

    Behavioral & Lifestyle Signs Of Opioid Abuse

    It can be difficult to determine if someone is abusing opiates because it may be easy for the person to hide some of the physical symptoms. However, there are general behaviors and lifestyle patterns that may be easier to recognize.

    Some behavioral signs may include:

    • Withdrawal from activities and commitments
    • Loss of interest in hobbies
    • Hanging out with new people

    When someone is addicted to opioids, they tend to withdraw from activities and commitments, such as school or work. They tend to lose interest in things they were previously interested in, and they may also start following different habits or routines, and hanging out with different people.

    There can be attitude changes such as irritability and angry outbursts. Other behavioral signs include a sense of anxiety or nervousness, secrecy or dishonesty.

    Families and loved ones of people who are abusing opioids will tend to see that their loved ones start to focus elsewhere often on figuring out ways to obtain more of the drug theyre abusing. This process tends to lead the individual to become even more disconnected from their previous life. Besides neglecting school, work, and family commitments, people may start to neglect their physical appearance as well.

    Doctor shopping may occur, which means the person abusing drugs will start visiting many different physicians and creating fake symptoms in the hope of obtaining opioid prescriptions.

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    Opiate Effects And Abuse

    Opiates produce euphoric and tranquil effects when taken in amounts that are larger than prescribed. The pleasant, care-free feelings a person experiences when taking these drugs are often what leads to destructive patterns of abuse.

    Opiate addiction is often characterized by compulsive drug-seeking behavior. For example, in an attempt to obtain more of the drug, a person may visit multiple doctors in order to get new prescriptions, otherwise known as doctor shopping.

    The pathological urges to use these drugs can also drive people to borrow, buy, or steal the drugs from friends and family. As an act of desperation, some individuals may resort to seeking out Heroin, an illegal Opioid that is commonly purchased on the streets. Despite the well-known dangers of Heroin, it is often easier and cheaper to obtain than Opioid pills.

    In one survey, 94% of respondents said they chose to use Heroin over prescription Painkillers because it was cheaper and easier to get.

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